Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The main subject of this course is to analyze the new methods and their practices on archaeology.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmet Kaan ŞENOL
Learning Outcomes
1 Examining the interdisciplinary studies in archaeology
2 Understanding the importance of social sciences related with archaeology
3 Understanding the application of geomorphological techniques on archaeology.
4 To have knowledge about the chronology criterion
5 To have knowledge about the new techniques using in archaeology
6 To gather the data from written sources about the content of the lessons.
7 To grasp the importance of archaeometry
8 To have foreknowledge on Geographic Information Systems.
9 To assimilate the importance of environmental archaeology.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
The topics of this lecture are the subjects of archaeometry such as Radiocarbon dating C-14, Pollen dating, faunal dating, Fission-track dating, Thermoluminesance dating, electron Spin Resonance, Obsidian Hydration, Amino-acid racemization, archaeomagnetic dating, potassium-argon dating and optical dating.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Examining the concept of the program and presenting the bibliography.Ders içeriğinin incelenmesi
2New archaeology : processual and post-processual ideas, theoretical archaeology. Reading: Clarke, D., Analytical archaeology, London 1971; Gardin, J.-C., Archaeological construcst: an aspect of theoretical archaeology , Cambridge 1980; Braidwood, D. R. J., Archeologists and what they do, New York 1960; Meskell L., Archaeologies of Materiality, 2005; Thomas, J., “Introduction: The Polarities of Post-Processual Archaeology”, J.Thomas (ed.), Interpretive Archaeology, Lichester 2000; Dark, K. R. Theoretical archaeology, London: Duckworth, 2002.
3The development and the comparison of archaeology in Turkey and the world.Reading: Analitik Arkeoloji, (Ed.)Dinçol, A., Kantman, S., İstanbul 1969; Kınal, F., “Halil Edhem Bibliyografyası”, Halil Edhem Hatıra Kitabı I, Ankara 1947, s. 299-302; Pulhan, G., “Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Geçmişini Arıyor: Cumhuriyetin Arkeoloji Seferberliği”, Arkeoloji, Niye? Nasıl? Niçin?, Toplumsal Arkeoloji Platfomu, İstanbul 2003.
4Scientific techniques used in archaeology: Dating methods; Radioactive methods: Radiocarbon dating C-14, Fusion tracking dating, Potasium Argon dating, obsidian hidrasion, isotope dating, Instrumental Neutron Activation AnalysesReading: Renfrew, C., Archaeology: Theories Methods and Practice London 1996; M., “Obsidian in Anatolia: An Archaeological Perspective on The Status of Research”, S. Demirci, A.M. Özer, G.D. Sumers (eds.), Archaeometry ’94, TUBITAK, 1996, Ankara, s.423-431; Damon, P. E., et al., “Radiocarbon Dating of the Shoud of Turin”, Nature, Vol. 337, February.1989.
5Thermoluminesance method (TL), Electron Spin Resonance, archaeomagnetic methods, Microscopic, petrographic, radiographic and X-ray flouresance analyses Reading: Renfrew, C., Bahn, P., Archaeology 1996 London ; Leone, Mark P. Comtemporary archaeology, a guide to the ory and contributions, 1972
6Geophysical methods in archaeology. Electromagnetic methods, Gravity and sysmic methods Reading: David A. Geophysical survey in archaeological field evaluation, English Heritage 1995; Gaffney, C.,Gater J. Revealing the Buried Past Tempus Stroud, 2003
7Dendrochronology Reading: Manning, S. W. Kromer B., Kuniholm, P. I. Newton, M. W. “ Anatolian Tree Rings and a New Chronology for the East Mediterranean Bronze Iron Ages”, Science (December 2001) 294, s. 2532-2535;. Brothwell D. R, Pollard, A.M., eds., “Dendrochronology and the Other Applications of Tree-Ring Studies in Archaeology”, The Handbook of Archaeological Sciences, London, John Wiley & Sons 2001, s.35-46.
8Mitterm Examination
9Environmental archaeology,archeobotanic,archaeozoology and paleoclimatologyReading: Pallottino, M., The meanning of archaeology New York 1968; Evans, J.G. An introduction to environmental archaeology, Cornell 1978
10Remote sensing methods, digitalizing the cartes, using satellite pictures and data Reading: Cracknell, A.P., Hayes. L.W.B.,. Introduction to Remote Sensing Bristol 1991; Jensen, R.J. Introductory Digital Image Processing A Remote Sensing Perspective, 1996.
11Usage of geographic information systems in archaeologyReading: . Mehrer, M.W., Wescott, K.L., GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling, 2006; Yomralıoğlu, T., Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemleri Temel Kavramlar ve Uygulamalar, İstanbul 2000
12Experimental archaeologyReading: Bahn, C., Renfrew, C., Archaeology, London 1996
13New techniques used in conservationReading: Rodgers, B.A., The Archaeologists Manual for Conservation, A Guide to Non-Toxic, Minimal Intervention Artifact Stablization, 2005 New York.
14Chemistry in archaeologyReading: Goffer, Z., Archaeological Chemistry, New Jersey, 2007.
15Application of statistics in archaeologyReading: Mathematics in the archaeological and historical sciences: proceedings of the Anglo-Romanian Conference, Mamaia, 1970 / Royal Society of London and the Academy of the Socialist Republic of Romania; edited by F. R. Hodson, D. G. Kendall and P. Tautu, Great Britain: Edinburgh University, 1971; Bahn, C., Renfrew, C., Archaeology, London 1996
16Final Examination
Recommended or Required Reading
Selected Bibliography: Renfrew, C., Bahn, P., Archaeology 1996 London Conkey, M., Spector, J., Archaeology and the Study of Gender, in Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 7, London 1967. Brothwell, D.R., Higs, E., Science in Archaeology, New York 1969. Mathematics in the archaeological and historical sciences: proceedings of the Anglo-Romanian Conference, Mamaia, 1970 / organized by the Royal Society of London and the Academy of the Socialist Republic of Romania; edited by F. R. Hodson, D. G. Kendall and P. Tautu, Great Britain: Edinburgh University, 1971 Archaeometry in South-Eastern Europe: Second Conference in Delphi, 19th-21st April, 1991/ edited by I. Liritzis and G. Tsokas, Strasbourg, France]: Council of Europe; Rixensart: Edited by PACT Belgium, 1995. P. E., Damon, et al., “Radiocarbon Dating of the Shoud of Turin”, Nature, Vol. 337, February, 1989.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures15230
Team/Group Work212
Individual Study for Homework Problems5210
Individual Study for Mid term Examination11010
Individual Study for Final Examination11010
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO1    5     
LO25     5   
LO35   4  3  
LO45  45  44 
LO55 4    5  
LO6  3       
LO74     5   
LO83     5   
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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