Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The aim of this course, play an important role in terms of yield and quality of horticultural cultivation grasping the basic physiological events, and can route these events to educate individuals to realize consciously and in a controlled aquaculture.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Doç. Dr. Deniz EROĞUL
Learning Outcomes
1Being able to comprehend mainly physiological events important in especially production of horticultural plants and understand their importance in growing of horticultural plants
2Being able to comprehend plant structure; cell and organelles with specialized functions
3Being able to comprehend the structure and properties of water, its importance and place in horticultural plant growing
4Being able to comprehend how acquisition and using of mineral nutrients by plants
5Being able to comprehend the reactions carried out in transpiration and photosynthesis and comment their physiological and ecological importance in horticultural plant growing
6Being able to examine translocation pathways, patterns, rates, mechanism of the plant of organic compounds resulted from photosynthesis and theirs distribution among different organs of the plant
7Being able to comprehend how the respiration is metabolically occurred in plants, its certain specific characteristics of the plant, establish relationship between the recent developments in biochemistry and molecular biology and respiration, comprehend the lipid metabolism and its importance in seed germination.
8Being able to examine the physiological events occurred in growth and development of plants (from embryogenesis to senescence and cell died).
9Being able to comprehend the phytochrome system, its mechanism on the plant at the cellular and molecular level and comment light importance on plant development.
10Being able to comprehend description and classificaton of plant growth regulators, biosynthesis, metabolism and transportation of auxin, cyctokinin, gibberellin, abscisic acid and ethylene and examine their physiological effects on the plants.
11Being able to comprehend the physiological events in plants caused to flower development (circadian rhytims, photoperiodism, vernelization), examine the flower development and its control.
12Being able to comprehend germination physiology, internal and external factors affected the germination, dormancy.
13Being able to comprehend stress physiology (water, heat, salinity, air pollution) and comment its importance in horticultural plants.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
Cell-tissue-organ definition. Water and mineral uptake and transport of substances. Transpiration, respiration, photosynthesis, transport of organic matter. Growth and development physiology (fitokrom system, plant growth regulators, flowering, stress physiology).
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1A general overview of plant structure, plant cells and organelles, transportation, structures and functions of ground and support tisues, structure and functions of root, stem and leaf.
2The importance of water in the life of plant, water absorption and transportation, deficiencies of mineral nutrients and their symptoms in plants, absorption and transportation of minerals.
3The description and regulation of transpiration, the factors affected on transpiration.
4Photosynthesis reactions, the light reactions of photosynthesis and their regulation.
5The carbon reactions of photosynthesis, physiological and ecological considerations of photosynthesis.
6The pathways, patterns and velocities of organic solutes translocation, the mechanism of pressure flow and pressure gradient from source to sink hypothesis.
7The respiration metabolism, glycolysis and citric acid cycles, lipid metabolism.
8Midterm Exam
9Embriogenesis, cell and organelle differentiation, senescence and cell died.
10Phytochrome system and its importance in plant development, the photocemical and biochemical properties of phytochrome, phytochrome localization in tissues and cells, plant responses to phytochrome system.
11Description, classification of plant growth regulators, transportation and physiological effects of auxins, the effects on plant growth and development and physiological mechanism of gibberellins.
12Transportation and biological roles of cyctokinins, the effects on plant development and physiology of ethylene, abscisic acid transportation and their effects in plant development.
13The control of flowering, the development of flower organs, photoperiodism, vernalization.
14Germination physiology, water absorption by seed, germination, dormancy, the factors affected germination.
15Stress physiology, water stress and drought resistance, heat stress, salinity stress, oxygen stress.
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
1. Taiz, L. and Zeiger, E., 2008. Bitki Fizyolojisi. Üçüncü baskıdan çeviri, Çev. Ed. Prof. Dr. İsmail Türkan, Palme yayıncılık, Ankara, 690s. 2. Avcıoğlu, R. ve Gürel, A., 2000. Bitki Fizyolojisi. E. Ü. Zir. Fak. Yay. Ders Notları, No: 64/1, 368s. 3. Vardar, Y., 1972. Bitki Fizyolojisi Dersleri (Bitkilerin Metabolik Olayları). Ege Üniv. Fen Fak. Kitaplar Serisi, No: 37, İzmir, 332s. 4. Kacar, B., Katkat, V. ve Öztürk, Ş., 2002. Bitki Fizyolojisi. Vipaş İnş. Tur. Eğt.A.Ş., Uludağ Ünivesitesi İ.İ.B.F., Bursa, 563s. 5. Ocakverdi, H. Ve Kaya, B. 2001. Bitki Fizyolojisi Laboratuvar Kitabı, Palme Yayıncılık, Ankara. Besides, journals and web cites related the course subjects will be discussed.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Midterm Examination1100
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Sınavı1100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures14228
Individual Study for Mid term Examination13030
Individual Study for Final Examination13030
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO34    4
LO44 3  5
LO64   5 
LO74    4
LO9454  4
LO114  3 4
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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