Course Unit Code  Course Unit Title  Type of Course Unit  Year of Study  Semester  Number of ECTS Credits  ZTM302  FLUID MECHANICS  Elective  1  2  3 

Level of Course Unit 
First Cycle 
Objectives of the Course 
The aim of this course is; learning the general fluid mechanics applications, to understand some properties of fluids, to be able to understand flow velocity, flow rate, friction losses for steady flows of incompressible fluids in straightline pipes and pipe fittings and to understand the applications of fluid mechanics in the field of plant protection machines. 
Name of Lecturer(s) 
Prof.Dr. Vedat DEMİR, Dr.Öğr.Üyesi Hüseyin YÜRDEM 
Learning Outcomes 
1  Understanding the general properties of fluids (viscosity, surface tension, capillarity).  2  Understanding the fluid statics and hydrostatic pressure.  3  Understanding of the fluid flow (Laminar, turbulence).  4  Understanding of energy equations for steady flows of incompressible fluids (frictional flow).  5  Calculating the friction losses in straightline pipes (using DarcyWeisbach equation) and fittings.  6  To be able to understand the general structure and flow characteristics of pipe network in plant protection machines. 

Mode of Delivery 
Face to Face 
Prerequisites and corequisities 
None 
Recommended Optional Programme Components 
None 
Course Contents 
General terms, general properties of the fluids (density, viscosity, surface tension and capillarity). The fluid statics and hydrostatic forces. Equation of continuity. Energy considerations in steady flows. Energy considerations in steady flows. Energy equation for steady flows of incompressible fluids (Bernoulli’s theorem) and applications. Friction losses in straight line pipes. Friction losses in pipe fittings. The pipe network and flow characteristics in plant protection machines. 
Weekly Detailed Course Contents 

1  The history of fluid mechanics, the importance of fluid mechanics and overview of implementation in plant protection machines and spraying in agriculture. Useful approaches in solving of fluid mechanics questions. Introduction + Discussion of solution techniques    2  General properties of the fluids (density and viscosity)  Guided question solving   3  General properties of the fluids (surface tension and capillarity)  Guided question solving   4  The fluid statics. Pressure, pressure gauges (Bourdon manometers, absolute and gage manometers, pressure sensors, piezometer, Utube)  Guided question solving   5  Hydrostatic forces on plane surface (vertical and horizontal) in fluid (in the example of tanks).  Guided question solving   6  Buoyancy and hydrometers, and application in agriculture.  Guided question solving, discussion of homework questions   7  Kinematics of fluid flows. Continuity equation in fluid flow in incompressible fluids.
Flow rate measurement (flowmeters).
 Guided question solving   8  Term exam    9  Bernoulli's energy equations and applications (horizontal and vertical flows)  Guided question solving   10  Euler and Bernoulli's energy equations and applications (pump and turbine systems)  Guided question solving   11  The type of fluid flow (laminar and turbulent flow).  Guided question solving   12  Friction losses in straight line pipes.  Guided question solving, discussion of homework questions   13  Friction losses in pipe fittings (local head losses).  Guided question solving   14  Measurements of the flow rate and friction loss in straight line pipes and pipe fittings.   Laboratory practice and discussion  15  Evaluation of the pipes and flow characteristics in plant protection machines.  Discussion   16  Final exam   

Recommended or Required Reading 
Çengel Y.A. and J.M. Cimbala. 2008. Akışkanlar Mekaniği Temelleri ve Uygulamaları. 1.Baskıdan Çeviri, (Editör; T. Engin, Editör Yardımcıları; H. R. Öz, H. Küçük, Ş. Çeşmeci). Güven Bilimsel, İzmir Güven Kitabevi, İzmir

Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods 

Assessment Methods and Criteria   Language of Instruction  Turkish  Work Placement(s)  None 

Workload Calculation 