Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
OTI301ORGANIC FARMING MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICSElective354
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
At the end of this course, students will be able to compare the profitability of organically and conventionally grown products in economic aspects, comment on the market structure of organic products and the strategies for pricing, and interpret consumers’ expectations, preferences, and behaviors regarding organic products.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Doç.Dr.Zerrin KENANOĞLU BEKTAŞ
Learning Outcomes
1To be able to understand the importance of organic agriculture to human health and the environment
2To be able to have knowledge of the legal legislation on organic agriculture in plant and animal production
3To be able to have enough knowledge and experience to work at various stages of this sector in the future by learning the control and certification processes required for commencing organic agriculture
4To be able to make an economic comparison of organically and conventionally grown products
5To be able to understand the marketing structure of organic products and the strategies for pricing
6To be able to have knowledge of consumers’ expectations, preferences, and behaviors regarding organic products
7To be able to discuss the problems in the process from the production to the marketing of organic agriculture that is rapidly developing worldwide and in Turkey
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
None
Recommended Optional Programme Components
None
Course Contents
An introduction to organic agriculture; organic agriculture worldwide and in Turkey; legal regulations on organic agriculture worldwide and in Turkey; the control and certification processes in organic products and their working; marketing of organic products, their marketing channels, and marketing strategies for them; analysis of the organic market in terms of Turkey; the international market of organic agricultural products; the policies implemented for organic agriculture in Turkey and worldwide; an economic comparison of the plant products produced with organic and conventional methods (results of the research on producers); examples of the results of consumer research on organic products in Turkey and in other countries; price formation for organic products; a comparison of the prices of organic products and conventional products; producers’ attitudes and behaviors in the process of transition from conventional agriculture to organic agriculture; an evaluation of the problems all actors in the sector of organic agriculture are confronted with; the contribution of organic agriculture to rural development; publication, educational and research opportunities for the development of organic agriculture in Turkey; and the future of organic agriculture in Turkey
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
WeekTheoreticalPracticeLaboratory
1An introduction to organic agriculture (its definition, principles, and goals; advantages of organic agricultural production; why organic agriculture is necessary; organic agriculture and its relationship with the environment; occurrence of the idea of organic agriculture; importance and place of nongovernmental organizations in the development of organic agriculture; and institutions and organizations concerning organic agriculture)Reading & source review
2The process of development of organic agriculture worldwide and in Turkey; legal regulations on organic agriculture worldwide and in Turkey; and the control and certification processes in organic products and their workingReading & source review
3Marketing of organic products, their marketing channels and marketing strategies for them; analysis of the organic market in terms of Turkey; and the international market of organic agricultural products Reading & source review
4The policies implemented for organic agriculture in Turkey and worldwideReading & source review
5Measurement of the economic performance in those enterprises which carry out organic agriculture; an enterprise-based comparison of those enterprises which carry out organic and conventional agriculture; and a comparison of the plant products produced with organic and conventional methods in terms of economic criteria (e.g. yield, cost of production, variable cost, gross margin, net income, and unit cost) and the quantities of inputs used: examples of the results of research made at the producer level in Turkey and in other countries Reading & source review
6A comparison of the plant products produced with organic and conventional methods in terms of economic criteria (e.g. yield, cost of production, variable cost, gross margin, net income, and unit cost) and the quantities of inputs used: examples of the results of research made at the producer level in Turkey and in other countries Reading & source review
7A comparison of the animal products produced with organic and conventional methods in terms of economic criteria (e.g. yield, cost, gross margin, net income, and unit cost): examples of the results of research made at the producer level in Turkey and in other countries Reading & source review
8Midterm examination
9Examples of the results of consumer research on organic products in Turkey and in other countries Reading & source review
10Price formation for organic products and a comparison of prices of organic products and conventional products (at the levels of prices earned by producers and retail prices)Reading & source review
11Fieldwork (a visit to an agricultural enterprise carrying out organic agriculture and/or an enterprise which processes organic products)Making observations
12Producers’ attitudes and behaviors in the process of transition from conventional agriculture to organic agriculture; the factors which affect their adoption of organic agriculture; and expectations of producers from organic agriculture: examples of the results of research made at the producer level in Turkey and in other countries Reading & source review
13An evaluation of the problems all actors in the sector of organic agriculture are confronted with Reading & source review
14The contribution of organic agriculture to rural development; Publication, educational and research opportunities for the development of organic agriculture in Turkey; and The future of organic agriculture in Turkey Reading & source review
15Assignment presentations and assessment and Practical Examination Making observations
16Final examination
Recommended or Required Reading
Ciheam, 2003, The Market for Organic Products in the Mediterranean Region, Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes, Vol.61, Intensive Course in: Marketing of Organic Products, Nikolaidis A. , Baourakis G., Isikli E. , Yercan M. (Eds.). 2002/05/20-31, Izmir (Turkey)., 309 p. Chania, Greece. ETO and GAP OTÜTDER, 2012, Organik Tarım, Müslüm Coşkun, Özge Çiçekli, Muazzez Polat, Murat Candemir (Eds.), Ankara, 251 s FIBL and IFOAM, 2011, The World of Organic Agriculture, Statistics and Emerging Trends 2011, (Willer, Helga and Lukas Kilcher (Eds.), Switzerland, 286 p. ISOFAR, 2011, Organic is Life-Knowledge for Tomorrow,Proceeding of the Third Scientific Conference of ISOFAR, Vol.2: Socio-Economy, Livestock Food Quality,Agro-Ecology and Knowledge Dissemination, Korea, 365 p. Kristiansen, Paul, Taji, Acram, Reganold, John, 2006, Organic Agricultural: Global Perspective, CSIRO Publishing, Australia, 449 s. Lampkin, N.H., Padel, S., 1994, The Economics of Organic Farming: An International Perspective, CAB International, Wallingford, UK, 468 p. Niggli Martina, Hitchings Roger, 2011, 2011/2012 Organic Farm Management Handbook, Organic Research Centre, Nic Lampkin, Mark Measures, Susanne Padel (editors), Newbury, 254 p. Offermann, Frank, Nieberg, Hiltrud, 2005, “Economic Performance of Organic Farms in Europe”, Organic Farming in Europe: Economics and Policy, Volume 5, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, 198 s.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Midterm Examination180
Report Presentation120
SUM100
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Examination1100
SUM100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
SUM100
Language of Instruction
Turkish
Work Placement(s)
None
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures14228
Practice14228
Report Preparation11414
Report Presentation111
Individual Study for Mid term Examination12020
Individual Study for Final Examination12525
TOTAL WORKLOAD (hours)120
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
PO
1
PO
2
PO
3
PO
4
PO
5
PO
6
LO1 2 5 4
LO2 3 3 3
LO3   333
LO4     3
LO5     3
LO6   333
LO73  344
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
 
Ege University, Bornova - İzmir / TURKEY • Phone: +90 232 311 10 10 • e-mail: intrec@mail.ege.edu.tr