Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
10721402T11307PHRYGIAN ARCHAEOLOGYElective354
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The course aims to provide a broad information on the Phrygian region, culture, history and archaeology.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. R. Gül GÜRTEKİN DEMİR
Learning Outcomes
1to explain the geographical landmarks of the Phrygian region, as well as to know the modern and ancient names of the important rivers, lakes, mountains, etc.
2to outline chronological sequences at Gordion
3to demonstrate and exercise independence of mind and thought.
4to differentiate the maim aspects of Phrygian culture
5to outline major historical events affecting Phrygia
6interpret archaeological evidence
7to classify and describe different architectural pieces and small objects according to general types.
8to make a general analysis on interculturral interractions on pottery and architecture.
9to plan, undertake and report a bibliographically based piece of research.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
None
Recommended Optional Programme Components
n/a
Course Contents
The course covers the history and archaeology of Phrygia and mainly focues on the archaeological evidence at Gordion.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
WeekTheoreticalPracticeLaboratory
0Introduction to the course. Research and archaeology in Phrygia Meeting. Definition of the course intents.
1The Phrygians and their land: The roots of Phrygians Geographical landmarks Reading
2Gordion and the Kingdom of Phrygia. Recommended reading (Sams 1997)
3Chronological and historical evidences: Early Phrygian Levels I
4Chronological and historical evidences: Early Phrygian Levels II
5Chronological and historical evidences: Middle Phrygian Levels
6Phrygia under foreign dominations: Lydian and Persian Controls over Phrygia
7Mid-term exam
8Chronological and historical evidences: Late Phrygian Levels
9Phrygian Tumuli and their assembledges
10Architectural tiles and roofing in Phrygia
11Phrygian language and inscriptions
12Phrygian metalware and their pottery imitationsoral presentation
13Ceramics in Phrygia: Local and imported pottery
14Phrygia in the Hellenistic and Roman PeriodReading (Goldman in Keilhofer 2005: 56-68)
15Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
Akurgal, E., Phrygische Kunst, Ankara, 1955 Algan, E.-İ. Ongar, Kral Midas'ın Ülkesi Frigya, İstanbul Bossert, E.M., Die Keramik Phrygischer Zeit von Boğazköy. Boğazköy-Hattusa Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen XVIII, Mainz am Rhein 2000 Haspels, C.H.E., The Highlands of Phrygia. Sites and Monuments I: The Text, II: The Plates, Princeton 1971 Kealhofer, L. (editor), The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians. Recent Work at Gordion, Philadelphia, 2005. Mellink, M. J., "The Native Kingdoms of Anatolia", The Cambridge Ancient History, III/2, 1991: 619-665 Muscarella, O.W., "King Midas of Phrygia and the Greeks" Tahsin Özgüç'e Armağan Anatolia and the Ancient Near East, ed. K.Emre, M. Mellink, B.Hrouda, N. Özgüç, Ankara 1989: 334-344 Muscarella, O.W., "The Iron Age Background to the Formation of th Phrygian State", Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 299/300, 1995: 91-101 Özgüç, T., Demir Devrinde Kültepe ve Civarı. Ankara 1971 Özgüç, T., Maşat Höyük Kazıları ve Çevresindeki Araştırmalar, Ankara 1978 Özgüç, T., Maşat Höyük II. Boğazköy'ün Kuzeydoğusunda Bir Hitit Merkezi, Ankara 1982 Rose, C.B. and G. Darbyshire (eds.). 2011. The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology. Rose, C.B., 2012. Introduction: The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion. In, B. Rose (ed.), The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion. The Royal City of Midas. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology: 1-19. __________. 2017. Fieldwork at Phrygian Gordion, 2013-2015. American Journal of Archaeology 121.1: 135-178. Sams,G.K. “The Early Phrygian Period at Gordion: Toward a Cultural Identity”, Source 7, Nos. 3/4 (1988): 8-15. Sams, G.K.“Gordion and the Kingdom of Phrygia”, Frigi e Frigio, 1997: 239-248. Sams, G.K., The Early Phrygian Pottery.The Gordion Excavations 1950-1973: Final ReportsVolumeIV, Pennsylvania1994 Voigt, M.M.-T. C. Young, “From Phrygian Capital to Achaemenid Entrepot: Middle and Late Phrygian Period” Iranica Antiqua 34 (1999): 191-241. Voigt, M.M.-R. C. Henrickson, “Formation of the Phrygian state: the Early Iron Age at Gordion”, Anatolian Studies 55, 2000: 37-54 von der Osten, H.H., The Alishar Hüyük Seasons of 1930-32, Part II, (OIP XXIX), Chicago1937 von der Osten, H.H., The Alishar Hüyük Seasons of 1930-32, Part III, (OIP XXX), Chicago 1Voigt, M.K. 1994. Excavations at Gordion 1988-89: the Yassıhöyük Stratigraphical Sequence. In, A. Cilingiroglu and D.H. French (eds.), Anatolian Iron Ages 3. The Proceedings of the Third Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium Held at Van 6-12 August 1990, Ankara: 265-293. ___________. 2005. Old Problems and New Solutions: Recent Excavations at Gordion. In, L. Kealhofer (ed.), The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians. Recent Work at Gordion. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology: 22-35. ___________. 2007. The Middle Phrygian Occupation at Gordion. In, A. Cilingiroğlu and A. Sagona (eds.), Anatolian Iron Ages 6. The Proceedings of the Six Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium Held at Eskişehir 16-20 August 2004, Peeters. Leuven-Paris-Dudley MA: 311-333. ____________. 2011. The Creation of the Old Chronology. In, C.B. Rose and G. Darbyshire (eds.) 2011. The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology: 13-22. 937
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
SUM0
Language of Instruction
Turkish
Work Placement(s)
n/a
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures14228
Discussion212
Question-Answer818
Report Preparation224
Seminar122
Self Study5210
Individual Study for Homework Problems133
Individual Study for Mid term Examination11010
Individual Study for Final Examination11313
Reading10330
TOTAL WORKLOAD (hours)114
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
PO
1
PO
2
PO
3
PO
4
PO
5
PO
6
PO
7
PO
8
PO
9
PO
10
LO13544554354
LO24455435454
LO33435324454
LO43445554454
LO54343535453
LO65445345454
LO7444444 554
LO85444455454
LO9          
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
 
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