Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
0714002182013AMPHORA STAMPSElective245
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
In antiquity agricultural products, especially olive oil, wine, salsamenta and garum produced in city-states were transportedin amphorae and these products were the main income for the producer city-states. The commercial activities which were realised in this way, were driven under the control of the state and the amphorae were stamped indicating the state control. Stamping jars, especially applied mostly in the Hellenistic Period, was carried sistematically by some producer cities by the Classical Period. This course aims to introduce the reasons of stamping jars, the contents of stamps, the role of amphora stamps in the identification of the amphora production center depending on the characteristic of the stamps, the centers influnced by each other in stamping amphorae, stamp chronologies and the systems of stampin amphoras of some centers.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Gonca Şenol
Learning Outcomes
11. To learn the purpose of stamping amphoras. and its methods
22. To recognize the contents of stamps and their typologies. To learn the differentation of contents depending on the centers and periods. To get information gathered from the contents of stamps.
33. To have a knowledge on the importance of amphora stamps and their contribution to date the archaeological strata or contexts as epigraphic material.
44. To learn the factors of the establishment of amphora stamp chronologies of varied centers.
55. To recognize the earliest stamp examples appearing on amphoras.
66. To introduce the stamped amphora production centers and characteristics of their stamps.
77. To learn to make the inventory studies of amphora stamps.
88. To get knowledge on the studies and the importance of the identification of the stamp matrices.
99. Having ability on making research in library and on internet.
1010. Having ability of writing a presentation by applying his/her knowledge on a subject previously learned and studied
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Yok
Course Contents
1. The purpose of stamping amphorae and the application of stamps 2. Systems of stamping amphoras of some amphora production centers. 3. Characteristic and contents of stamps (eponym and fabricant stamps, symbols used on stamps, ethnics, titles, prepositions, monogrammes, ligatures) 4. Factors effected the producer while designing the dies (coins, sculptures and iconographic joints.) 5. Stamped amphora production in the Eastern Mediterranean (Mediterranean, Black Sea Region, Aegean and Mediterranean islands, North Africa, Mainland Greece, Anatolia and Levant Region) 6. Amphora stamp chronologies of certain centers taht stamped their jars sistematically 7. Productions transported in stamped amphoras 8. Usage of stamped amphoras and handles as epigraphic evidence for dating the archaeological contexts, sites and non-datable material.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
WeekTheoreticalPracticeLaboratory
0Introduction of the course: Contents, importance of the subject and presentation of the bibliographyMeeting and searching the contents of the course
1Application of amhora stamps: The reasons of stamping amphorae and the contents of stamps and the characteristics of fabricant and eponym stampsReading (G.C. Şenol 2006, p. 11-24; Doğer 1991, p. 74-79)
2Factors in the establishment of the choronologies of amphora stamps. Goods transported in stamped amphorasReading (G.C. Şenol 2006, p. 24-29; Grace 1979)
3Importance of amphora stamps as dating criteria for contexts and starata.Reading (G.C. Şenol 2006, p. 30-34)
4Amphora stamps in Black Sea and Southern Russian coasts and their systems of stamping jars Reading (G.C. Şenol 2006, p. 36-53)
5Studies on amphora stamps in the excavation laboratories ( transcriptions of inscriptions, inventory studies and making inventory fiches, taking photos)Practice (Excavation laboratories)
6Amphora Stamps in East Aegean coasts, and their systems of stamping jarsReading (G. C. Şenol 2006, p. 53-76)
7Midterm exam
8Amphora Stamps in South Anatolian Region, and their systems of stamping jarsReading (G. C. Şenol 2006, p. 77-83)
9Amphora stamps from western mainland of Greece and the islands in the Eastern Mediterranean, and their systems of stamping jarsReading (G. C. Şenol 2006, p. 83-132)
10Amphora stamps in Thrakia, Mainland Greece and Peloponnessian Peninsula, and their systems of stamping jarsReading (G. C. Şenol 2006, p. 132-147)
11Amphora stamps in Levant Region and North African centers, and their systems of stamping jarsReading (G. C. Şenol 2006, p. 147-160)
12Studies on amphora stamps in the excavation laboratories ( transcriptions of inscriptions, inventory studies and making inventory fiches, taking photos)Practice (Excavation laboratories)
13Presentation of seminar
14Presentation of seminar
15Final exam
Recommended or Required Reading
G. C. Şenol, Klasik ve Hellenistik Dönem’de Mühürlü Amphora Üreten Merkezler ve Mühürleme Sistemleri, Ege Yayınları, İstanbul 2006. E. Doğer, Antik Çağda Ticari Amphoralar, İzmir, 1991. V. Grace, Amphoras and the Ancient Wine Trade, 1979. G. C. Şenol, İskenderiye (Mısır) Kurtarma Kazılarında Ele Geçen Hellenistik Dönem Amphora Mühürleri, E.Ü. Sosyal Bil. Ens. Kl. Ark. Anabilim dalı, İzmir, 2000 (yayınlanmamış doktora tezi). Börker, C., Der Pergamon Kompleks, (ed) Radt, W., Pergamenische Forschungen, Band 11, 1998, p.1-66 Grace, V., Petropoulakou, M.S., “Les timbres amphoriques Grecs”, Exploration Archéologique de Délos, Delos XXVII, L'Ilot de la Maison des Comediens, Paris 1970, p.277-382. J.-Y. Empereur, “Timbres amphoriques de Crocodilopolis-Arsinoe”, BIFAO, 77, 1977, s.197-233. J.-Y. Empereur, “Les Anses d'amphores timbrées et les amphores: Aspects quantitatifs”, BCH CVI, 1982, s.219-233. J.-Y. Empereur, N. Tuna, “Hiérotélés potier Rhodien de la Pérée”, BCH CXIII 1989, s.277-299. Y. Garlan, “Les timbres amphoriques Grecques”, Académie des Inscriptions & Belles Lettres, 1993, Paris, s.181-192. Y. Garlan, Amphores et Timbres Amphoriques Grecs, Paris 2000. Garlan, Y., Reflections sur les amphores et les timbres amphoriques de Grecs, p.1-148. Şenol, G. C., Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps, Volume 1, Eponyms A, Études Alexandrines 33, Amphoralex 3, 2015. Şenol, G. C., Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps, Volume 2, Eponyms B-K, Études Alexandrines 35, Amphoralex 4, 2015. Şenol, G. C., Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps, Volume 3, Eponyms L-S, Études Alexandrines 36, Amphoralex 5, 2016. Web sites : www.amphoralex.org
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
SUM0
Language of Instruction
Turkish
Work Placement(s)
Yok
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
TOTAL WORKLOAD (hours)0
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
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