Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
9104035572009Cephalopod CultureElective117
Level of Course Unit
Second Cycle
Objectives of the Course
To culture of highly economical cephalopod species such as octopus, squid and cuttlefish, to identification of culture methods of the candidate species, to description of factors affecting the circumstances of egg incubation and embryonic development in cephalopod species, to definition of culture methods from paralarval stage to marketing size of the cephalopod species.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Associate Prof. Dr. HALİL ŞEN
Learning Outcomes
1Growth and survival parameters.
2Alternative cephalopod species.
3Learning to reproduction characteristics in cephalopods.
4Methods and techniques of cephalopod culture.
5Egg incubation and embryonic development in cephalopods.
6Paralarval culture methods in cephalopod species.
7Learning to highly economical cephalopod species.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
In the cephalopods (octopus, squid, cuttlefish), preparation of paralarval rearing systems, obtaining of live food for paralarvae and preparation of feeding protocols. To consider of abiotic factors and water quality parameters on cephalopod culture, investigation of hygienic characteristics of the rearing conditions and take precautions. Culture techniques and its preparation of systems for egg incubation, paralarval, juvenile and marketing size of the cephalopods, and points to be paid attention while rearing.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Identification of cephalopods.Biological and scientific identification by pictures and figures.
2Economical cephalopods.Sample photos.
3Importance of abiotical factors and water quality.Investigation of sample culture systems.
4Culture systems and equipments.Investigation of sample culture systems.
5Broodstock management and egg.Investigation of sample culture systems.
6Definition of embryonic development stages.Investigation of eggs in different developmental stages.
7Methods and techniques of egg incubation.Investigation of sample culture systems.
9Obtaining of live food for paralarvae and preparation of feeding protocols.Investigation of sample live foods.
10Methods and techniques of Paralarval and juvenile rearing.Investigation of sample culture systems.
11Rearing methods and techniques of marketing size specimens.Investigation of sample culture systems.
12Octopus cultureInvestigation of sample culture systems.
13Squid cultureInvestigation of sample culture systems.
14Cuttlefish cultureInvestigation of sample culture systems.
15Cephalopod disease and treatment methods.Investigation of sample cases.
16Final exam
Recommended or Required Reading
1. Boletzky, S.V., R.T. Hanlon. 1983.bA review of the laboratory maintenance, rearing and culture of cephalopod molluscs. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria. Stone, D.M. ed. 44:147-187. 2. Boyle P. R., 1983. Cephalopod Life Cycles. Volume-I. Species Accounts. Academic Press: London, 453 pp. 3. Boyle P. R., 1987. Cephalopod Life Cycles. Volume-II. Species Comparative Reviews. Academic Press: London, 447pp. 4. Boyle, P.R. 1991. The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Cephalopods in the Laboratory. 5. Boletzky, S. V. (1998). Cephalopod eggs and egg masses. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 36, 341-371. 6. Hanlon, R.T., J.B. Messenger, 1996. Cephalopod Behaviour. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge CB2 1 RP, United Kingdom, 230 pp. 7. Iglesias, J., Sánchez, J., Bersanob, J., Carrasco, J., Dhont, J., Fuentes, L., Linares, F., Muñoz, J., Okumura, S., Roo, J., van der Meeren, T., Vidal, E., Villanueva, R., 2007. Rearing of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae: present status, bottlenecks and trends. Aquaculture, 266, 1–15. 8. Mangold-Wirz, K. 1963. Biologie des cephalopodes bentiques et nectoniques de la mer Catalone. Vie Milieu, Supp 13:1-285. 9. Naef, A. (1928). Die cephalopoden. fauna flora Golfo Napoli, 35. Monogr., part I, vol. 2, 357, 37 pl.(first publ. 1923). 10. Lee, P., Turk, P., Forsythe, J., DiMarco, F., (1998). Cephalopod culture: physiological, behavioural and environmental requirements. Suisanzoshoku, 46(3): 417–422 11. Oestmann, D.J., Scimeca, J.W., Forsythe, J.W., Hanlon, R.T., Lee, P.G., (1997). Special considerations for keeping cephalopods in laboratory facilities. Contemporary Topics Laboratory Animal Science 36: 89–93. 12. Sykes, A., Domingues, P.M., Correia, M., Andrade, J.P., (2006). Cuttlefish culture – State of the art and future trends. Vie et Milieu, 56: 129–137. 13. Şen, H. (2003). Loligo vulgaris (Lamarck, 1798) Yumurtalarının embriyonik gelişimi ve inkübasyonu. Doktora Tezi, Ege Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, 101 s. 14. Turk, P.E., Hanlon, R.T., Bradford, L. A., Yang, W.T. (1986). Aspects of feeding, growth and survival of the European Squid Loligo vulgaris Lamarck, 1799, reared through the early growth stages. Vie Milieu, 26(1), 9-13. 15. Vaz-Pires, P., P. Seixas, A. Barbosa. 2004. Aquaculture potential of the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797): a review. Aquaculture, 238(1-4): 221-238. 16. Vidal E.A.G., DiMarco F.P.,Wormuth J.H. & Lee P.G. (2002) Optimizing rearing conditions of hatchling loliginid squid. Marine Biology, 140,117-127.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination11414
Final Examination11414
Attending Lectures14228
Self Study14570
Individual Study for Homework Problems14228
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO25   5  
LO35   5  
LO75   5  
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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