Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
9105045402004Environmental Radiochemical AnalysisElective128
Level of Course Unit
Second Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The objective of this course is to supply the students; to conceive of the wisdom of chemical analytical techniques in monitoring of environmental radioactivity, to detect the sources of environmental radioactivity, to identify the behavior of radioactive isotopes in the natural medium, to learn the principles of environmental sampling, to prepare and pre-treat the sample and standards, to learn the analytical chemical methods in environmental analysis, to conceive of the radioactive analysis techniques on environmental samples.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Mahmut A. A. ASLANİ
Learning Outcomes
1Be able to assemble the relationship between human and nature.
2Be able to illustrate the usage of nuclear analytical methods in the chemical analysis of environment.
3Be able to estimate the sampling, sample preparation, sample preservation and sample pre-treatment techniques.
4Be able to comprehend the basic concepts and principles of different nuclear analytical methods.
5Be able to determine the advantages and limitations of nuclear techniques for the observation of environment.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
The wisdom of chemical analytical techniques in monitoring of environmental radioactivity. The sources of environmental radioactivity. The behavior of radioactive isotopes in the natural medium. The principles of environmental sampling. The preparation and pre-treatment of sample and standards. The certain of analytical chemistry methods (electrochemical …) in environmental analysis. The radioactive analysis techniques of environmental samples. The isotope dilution. The radio-reagent methods. The activation and non-activation treatment analysis techniques.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1The scope of the radiochemical analysis in the environment, the necessity for the different kinds of chemical analysis,
2The existing techniques for chemical analysis of environment, nuclear analytical techniques, sampling and sample preservation, comparison of analytical methods.
3Air sampling, techniques related to air sampling, air sampling of radioactive materials. General aqueous sampling, water sampling and its techniques, sampling of aquatic organisms.
4Lithosphere sampling. Environmental sampling of the plant, the soil and the mud.
5Pre-treatment of standards and samples. Preparation of radioactive analysis of air, water, biological materials, sediments, soil and mud.Discussion on the term homework
6Determination of natural radioactive materials, determination of man-made radioactive materials. Quantitative and qualitative analysis. Absolute and relative determinations.
7Definition of and types of isotopic dilution analysis, its accuracy, certainty, and sensitivity.
8Midterm Exam
9Radio-reagent analysis methods. Simple radio-reagent analysis method, labeled radio-reagent analysis method.
10Activation analysis and fundamental principles, quantitative and qualitative analysis. Analysis of environmental samples with radiochemical activation analysis.Discussion on the term homework
11Analysis by elastic scattering of charged particles. Analysis of the absorption and backscattering of beta radiation. Analysis of the absorption and backscattering of photon (gamma and X-ray). X-ray fluorescence analysis.
12Analytical data. Units of concentration. Formulas for the calculation of radioactive concentration. Calculations of radiation dose.
13Accuracy, certainty, errors. Outlier’s data, elimination of outliers, correlation coefficient and linear regression. Reporting the results.
14Presentation of term homeworkPresentation of term homework
15Presentation of term homeworkPresentation of term homework
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
1. Methods of Radiochemical Analysis, FAO, IAEA and WHO, Printed in Switzerland, 1966. 2. Kathren, R. L., Radyoactivity in the Environment: Sources, Distribution, and surveillance, 1986. 3. Michael F. L’Annunziata, Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis, ACADEMIC PRESS, USA, 1998. 4. Radojevic, M., Bashkin, V. M., Practical Environmental Analysis, 1999. 5. Puiseux, L., Crépuscule Des Atomes.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures14342
Report Preparation31030
Report Presentation313
Criticising Paper51575
Self Study21530
Individual Study for Mid term Examination11515
Individual Study for Final Examination12020
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO1    5545  5
LO2  555 544 5
LO3  4555545 5
LO4   55555555
LO5  5  555555
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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