Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
9105046312007Ion Exchange Processes in Nuclear Waste Management IElective118
Level of Course Unit
Third Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The aim of the course is to provide to the students; to comprehend the basic principles of ion exchange, to recognize radioactive waste and radioactive liquid waste arising from nuclear fuel cycle, to gain information and experience about mainly ion exchange materials and techniques for liquid radioactive waste from nuclear waste management, to make the decision, according to the characteristics of nuclear waste, which one or which ion exchange materials or application techniques may choose.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Yüksel ALTAŞ, Prof. Dr. Hüseyin TEL
Learning Outcomes
1Being able to recognize usage areas of ion exchange processes in nuclear waste management.
2Being able to comprehend the basic principles of ion exchange, equilibrium of ion exchange, types and characteristics of ion exchangers.
3Following the developing science and technology in this field being able to improve oneself and to open new horizons.
4Being able to decide choosing both of the ion- exchange material and convenient process, according to the liquid nuclear waste characteristics.
5Being able to comprehend the properties that an ion-exchanger should possesses for ıts utilization in industrial-scale seperation process.
6Being able to establish a relationship between decontamination factors required for waste and breakthrough capacity of resins.
7According to the various criteria, being able to classify the radioactive waste and liquid radioactive waste which are arising from nuclear fuel cycle.
8Being able to apply some ion exchange techniques in the solution of nuclear waste problems.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
Radioactive waste and classification; radioactive waste in the nuclear fuel cycle; liquid radioactive waste and classification; sorption technology in liquid radioactive waste management; the principles ( ion exchange equilibrium and selectivity, ion exchange and sorption, ion exchange capacity, kinetics and dynamics ) of ion exchange processes; ion exchange materials (natural inorganic and organic ion exchangers, synthetic inorganic and organic ion exchangers, composite ion exchangers, membrane ); application techniques of ion exchange ( batch, colomn, membrane systems).
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Introduction of the course; course content, reason, importance – Textbook and Suggested LiteratureIntroduction
2Radioactive waste and classification; radioactive waste in the nuclear fuel cycle; liquid radioactive waste and classificationLiterature Review (identifying research topics for paper presentation )
3Basic principles of ion exchange, ion exchange capacity; the terms describe the ion exchange equilibrium; ion exchange isoterm; seperation factor; termodynamic equilibrium coefficient; distrubition coefficient; selectivity factor; kinetic and dynamic Laboratory study
4Sorption technology in liquid radioactive waste management; classification of ion exchangers which are used in nuclear waste management; comparing organic and inorganic ion exchangers ( termal, chemical and radiation stability, mechanical strength, selectivity, capacity ). Laboratory study
5Natural ion exchangers ( natural organic and inorganic ion exchangers, modified natural ion exchangers ).Laboratory study
6Synthetic ion exchangers; synthetic inorganic ion exchangers ( zeolites, titanates and silicotitanates, hexacyanoferrates of transition metals).Laboratory study
7Synthetic organic ion exchangers (divinil polystyrene benzene, phenol and acrylic groups ); Composite ion exchangers ( inorganic-inorganic, inorganic-organic ).Paper presentation
8Mid-term Exam
9Ion exchange membranes. types and configurations of membranes. Polymeric and inorganic membranes which have widespread use in the nuclear industry separation process with pressure-driven. Paper presentation
10Appliyng ion exchange techniques for processing liquid radioactive in the nuclear power plants. Laboratory study
11Important factors in the selection of ion exchangers and application techniques; characteristics of waste; selection of ion exchangers and processing; cost assesmentsLaboratory study
12Ion exchange application techniques; batch processing; colon operation; membrane systems. Comparing ion exchange techniques with advantages and disadvantages. Laboratory study
13Membrane systems; electrodialysis; continuous electrodeionization; electrochemical ion exchange. Laboratory study
14The presentation of the semester projectThe presentation of the semester project
15The presentation of the semester projectThe presentation of the semester project
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
Course Book(s): 1. IAEA, Application of Ion Exchange Processes for the Treatment of Radioactive Waste and Management of Spent Ion Exchangers, Technical Reports Series no:408, IAEA, Vienna, 2002. 2. Ion-Exchange Processes in Nuclear Waste Management I-II Course Notes (In Turkish), Prof. Dr. Yüksel ALTAŞ, Prof. Dr. Hüseyin TEL, Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Nuclear Technology Division, 2007. Helper Book(s): [1] R. Koivula, Inorganic ion exchangers for decontamination of radioactive wastes generated by the nuclear power plants, University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Radiochemistry, Report Series in Radiochemistry 23/2004, Finland, 2004. [2] IAEA, Handling and Processing of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Applications, Technical Reports Series no:402, IAEA, Vienna, 2001. [3] IAEA, Inorganıc Ion Exchangers and Adsorbents for Chemıcal Processıng in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle, IAEA-TECDOC-337, IAEA, Vienna, 1985.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures14228
Report Preparation14228
Project Preparation13030
Project Presentation111
Criticising Paper11616
Self Study14342
Individual Study for Mid term Examination12020
Individual Study for Final Examination13030
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO15     544  
LO25 5        
LO3  55 5     
LO4      5 5 5
LO55 44      4
LO6  44  5 5 5
LO7   5 455  5
LO8 4  4    55
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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