Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
9105046322007Ion Exchange Processes in Nuclear Waste Management IIElective128
Level of Course Unit
Third Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The aim of the course is to provide to the students; to recognize that a spent resin is also a radioactive waste, to comprehend the necessity of applying special handling and treatment processes to the spent resin, before the storage and/or final disposal and to gain knowledge and experience about mentioned processes.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Yüksel ALTAŞ, Prof. Dr. Hüseyin TEL
Learning Outcomes
1Being able to present a new scientific study, following the developments and trends in the use and management of ion exchangers.
2Being able to comprehend that the retention and volume reduction factors are essential at the nuclear waste management.
3Being able to choose convenient pretreatment and treatment methods, according to the physical and chemical characteristics of spent ion exchange media.
4Being able to compare the methods applied in nuclear power plants of different countries.
5Being able to comprehend the required properties that immobilized waste forms should possesses.
6Being able to comprehend, ion exchangers used in radioactive liquid treatments are also radioactive wastes, and require special handling and treatment processes.
7Being able to recognize the equipments used in waste experimental reduction facilities.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
Management of spent ion exchange materials( storage, final treatment and/or disposal, pretreatment, destructive methods); direct immobilization and encapsulation of spent ion exchangers( cement, bitumen, polymer immobilization); properties of immobilized waste forms (mechanical properties, resistance to biodegradation, thermal stability, leaching behaviour); future trends and developments in the use and management of ion exchangers.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Introduction of the course; course content, reason, importance – Textbook and Suggested LiteratureIntroduction
2Handling spent ion exchange media, integration with other waste treatment system. Management of spent ion exchange materials. Storage; storage for decay, storage pending final treatment and/or disposal.Literature Review (identifying research topics for paper presentation )
3Pretreatment; dewatering, drying and heating, crushing and grinding, foam preparation, decontamination by activity stripping.Laboratory Study
4Destructive methods for spent resin treatments. Thermal processes; pyrolysis, incineration, multicomponent particle combustion, catalytic extraction, hot pressing, vitrification, plasma techniques.Laboratory Study
5Other treatment methods; acid digestion, wet oxidation,molten salt oxidation, electrochemical oxidation, Barix process, thermochemical treatment.Laboratory Study
6Conciderations for secondary waste resulting from destruction processes; incinerator ash, wet residues.Laboratory Study
7Direct immobilization and encapsulation of spent ion exchangers; cement immobilization, cement types, cementation processes.Paper presentation
8Mid-term Exam
9Bitumen immobilization, bitumen types, bitumenization processes, polymer immobilization, polymer immobilization processesPaper presentation
10Properties of immobilized waste forms; mechanical properties, resistance to biodegradation, thermal stability, leaching behaviour, radiation stability and gas generation.Laboratory Study
11Considerations for the storage and/or disposal of immobilized ion exchange waste; waste acceptance criteria (for waste packages, waste transportation, interim storage, final disposal). Laboratory Study
12Influence of storage and/or disposal requirements on the choice of conditioning process ; life cycle plan, economics, waste volume, long term stability(chemical and radiological). Laboratory Study
13Future trends and developments in the use and management of ion exchangers; developments in the selection of IX processes( materials, process arrangements, plant design philosophy).Laboratory Study
14The presentation of the semester projectThe presentation of the semester project
15The presentation of the semester projectThe presentation of the semester project
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
Course Book(s): 1. IAEA, Application of Ion Exchange Processes for the Treatment of Radioactive Waste and Management of Spent Ion Exchangers, Technical Reports Series no:408, IAEA, Vienna, 2002. 2. Ion-Exchange Processes in Nuclear Waste Management I-II Course Notes (In Turkish), Prof. Dr. Yüksel ALTAŞ, Prof. Dr. Hüseyin TEL, Ege University, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Nuclear Technology Division, 2007. Helper Book(s): [1] R. Koivula, Inorganic ion exchangers for decontamination of radioactive wastes generated by the nuclear power plants, University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Radiochemistry, Report Series in Radiochemistry 23/2004, Finland, 2004. [2] IAEA, Handling and Processing of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Applications, Technical Reports Series no:402, IAEA, Vienna, 2001. [3] IAEA, Inorganıc Ion Exchangers and Adsorbents for Chemıcal Processıng in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle, IAEA-TECDOC-337, IAEA, Vienna, 1985.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures14228
Report Preparation14228
Project Preparation13030
Project Presentation111
Criticising Paper11616
Self Study14342
Individual Study for Mid term Examination12020
Individual Study for Final Examination13030
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO15 54 4    5
LO25 4        
LO35  5  5 55 
LO4     5   5 
LO55    5   5 
LO65 55       
LO7 5       55
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
Ege University, Bornova - İzmir / TURKEY • Phone: +90 232 311 10 10 • e-mail: