Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
200004072017ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND RADIOLOGYCompulsory475
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle and Second Cycle
Objectives of the Course
Main objectives of this course are: * To teach the techniques and methology of intraoral and extraoral examination. * To establish basic knowledge not only for the diseases in relation with the tissues of the head and neck area, but also common systemic diseases which may manifest intraorally. * To provide theory and practice of making treatment planning, differential and definite diagnosis after collecting data relevant to the whole signs of the disease.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Günnur Lomçalı, Prof. Dr. Hülya Çankaya, Prof. Dr. Pelin Güneri, Prof. Dr. Nesrin Dündar, Prof. Dr. Esin Alpöz, Doc. Dr. Erinç Önem, Doc. Dr. Betül Karaca,
Learning Outcomes
1Chief complaint and the history of the present illness, collecting and evalution of the data relevant to the signs of the disease
2Taking family health data, dental and medical history, evalution of the findings
3Teaching the extraoral and ıntraoral examination techniques and interpretation of the findings
4Teaching the common systemic diseases such as cardiovascular,endocrine, immune,gastrointestinal, urinary ,repiratory, hematology, neuromuscular system diseases which may manifest orofacially.
5Diagnostic methods and treatment plannings of the Salivary gland diseases
6Teaching the size, number, shape and structural anomalies of the teeth
7Differential diagnosis of and treatment planning of the oral mucosal ulcerative, exophytic,vesiculobullous and pigmented lesions.
8Teaching the laboratory techniques which may help for diagnosis
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
* Evaluation of the findings of medical, familial and dental history of the patient * Evalution of methods and findings of intraoral and extraoral examination * Evalution of the effects of the systemic diseases on oral cavity and making treatment planning * Diagnosis and treatment planning of the diseases of the orofacial region .
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Anamnesis. Taking the findings of medical, familial and dental history of the patient. Collecting the data as regards to the chief complaint of the patient, saving the symtoms , evalution of the beginning, time and prognosis of the lesions. Clinical practice, question and answer
2Extraoral examination Methods of observation (inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, transillümination, probing, diascopy, aspiration), assessment of the general characteristics of the patient, head-neck, sinus, temporomandibular joint, skin, eye,ear, nose examination Clinical practice,observation
3Intraoral Examination Examination of lips, buccal mucosa,palate, oropharynx, floor of the mouth Clinical practice,observation
4Intraoral Examination Examination of tongue, gingiva, teeth ve oral soft tissues. Demonstration of symptoms over the cases Clinical practice,observation
5Cardiovascular system diseases Atherosclerosis, hypertension, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, conjestive heart failure Clinical practice
6Cardiovascular system diseases Arrhythmia, bradycardia, acute rheumatic fever, rheumatic hearth disease,bacterial endocarditis, dental procedures for patients with cardiac surgery Clinical practice
7 Endocrine system diseases Pituitary gland, thyroid, adrenal and parathyroid gland diseases Clinical practice
8Endocrine system diseases Diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, menopause. Clinical practice
9Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, Gout, Sjogren sendromu, medical treatment , dental evaluation Clinical practice
10İmmune System Diseases Oral signs at the primary immune deficiencies (B- lymphocyte disturbance, T- lymphocyte disturbance bozuklukları, B and T cell distrubances) and dental management. Oral signs at the seconder immune deficiencies (leukemia, Hodgkin diseases, nephrotic syndrome, multipl myeloma, sarcoidosis, AIDS, immunosuppressive ilaç tedavisi) and dental treatment, allergic reactions. Autoimmune Diseases Lupus erythematous, scleroderma, dermatomyositis, rheumatoid arthritis Clinical practice
11Hemorrhagic Disorders anemia, hemostasis, coagulation disorders Question and answer,discussion
12Gastrointestinal diseases Dental management of patient with peptic ulcer, hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, enflamatuar intestine diseases Clinical practice
13Böbrek Hastalıkları Dental management of patient with chronic kidney deficiency, dialysis and transplantation Clinical practice
14Laboratory tests Tests occasionally used by the dentists and their interpretation Clinical practice
15Midterm Exam
16"Pulmonary Diseases Dental management of patient with Pulmonary Diseases (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease, Asthma, Tuberculosis) " Clinical practice
17"Salivary Gland Diseases The anatomy and function of the salivary glands, diagnostic methods, infammatory (acute, chronic) diseases. " Clinical practice
18"Salivary Gland Diseases Viral, bacterial, granulomatous, cystic, tumoral diseases of the salivary gland , sialolithiasis. " Clinical practice
19"Dental anomalies Size (macrodontia, microdontia) and shape (fusion, gemination, twinning, concrescence, dilaceration, dens invaginatus, dens evaginatus, bolk, carabelli tubercule, enamel pearl, talon cusp, supernumerary teeth, globodontia, Hutchinson teeth, moon molar, mulbery molar, taurodontism, Attrition, Abrasion, Erosion, abfraction, hipersementosis) anomalies." Clinical practice
20"Dental anomalies Number (Anodontia, hypodontia, oligodontia, impaction, supernumerary teeth, mesiodens, distomolar, paramolar, supplemental teeth, accesory teeth, predecidous teeth , natal/neonatal teeth) anomalies, structural (enamel hypoplasia, amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta, dentine displasia, odontodisplasia) anomalies , colour anomalies, eruption disturbances. " Clinical practice
21"Ulcerative Lesions: Lesions with immünological disfunctions (apthous ulcer, Behçet Sendrom, eritema multiforme, lupus eritematosus, Reiter’s sendrom, contact allergy, drug reaction, Wegener’s granulomatosis, midline granuloma, chronic granulomatosis diseases, cyclic neutropenia, reactive lesions of bacterial diseases, syphilis, gonorrhea, actinomycosis,noma. " Clinical practice
22"Ulcerative Exophytic Lesions: Fungal diseases, neoplasms, exophytic anatomic structures" Clinical practice
23"Exophytic Lesions Papillary hyperplasia, peripheral giant cell lesion, pulp polyp, epulis granulomatosum, hemangioma, lenfangioma, varicosel, calsifying peripheral fibroma, mucosel, ranula, exophytic squamous cell carsinoma, minor salivary gland tumour, peripheral benign mesenchymeial tumours." Clinical practice
24"White lesions: Congenital (fordyce granules, white sponge naevus, disceratosis) lesions, candidosis, hairy leukoplakia, papilloma, Koplik spots, syphilitic leukoplakia" Clinical practice
25"White +Pigmented Lesions: Non inflamatuar (lichen planus, lupus eritematosus), neoplastic ve pre neoplastik (leukoplakia, keratosis,carcinoma) lesions, burns, graft, scar." Clinical practice
26"Pigmented Lesions Endogenic, exogenic pigmentations, neoplasia, focal intravascular, diffuse intravascular, extravascular lesions" Clinical practice
27"Vesiculobullous lesions: Herpes simpleks infections, Varicella zoster infection, hand-foot-mouth disease, herpangina,measles. Clinical practice
28"Vesiculobullous lesions pemphigus vulgaris, cicatricial pemphigoid, bullous pemhigoid, dermatitis herpetiformis, epidermolisis bullosa. " Clinical practice
29"Neuromuscular Diseases: Cerebrovascular diseases, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, myastenia gravis, muscular distrophy." Clinical practice
30EvaluationClinical practice
31Final exam
Recommended or Required Reading
* Goaz P.W., Stuart C.W. (1994). Oral Radiology. Principles and Interpretion. Mosby * Stuart C.W.,michael J.P. (2009) Oral Radiology. Principles and Interpretion. Mosby * Gibilisco J.A.(1985)Stafne’s Oral radiographic Diagnosis. W.B.Saunders Comp. Philadelphia. * Curry III T.S., Dowday J.E., Murry R.C. (1990). Christensen’s Physics of Diagnostic Radiology. Lea&Febiger. * Regezi J.A., Sciubba J. (1993).Oral pathology: Clinical-Pathologic Correlations. WB Saunders Comp. * Sonis S.T., Fazio R.C., Fang L. (1995).Principles and Practice of Oral Medicine. WB Saunders Comp. * Goodman R.M., Gorlin R.J. (1977). Atlas of the Face in Genetic Disorders. Mosby * Langlais R.P., Miller C.S.(1998). Color Atlas of Common Oral Diseases. * Williams&Wilkins.Özcan İ. (2000). Ağrı.Baş Boyun ve Orofasiyal Ağrılar. Nobel Tıp. * Lynch M.A. (1984). Burket’s Oral Medicine Diagnosis and Treatment. Lippincott Comp.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Midterm Examination260
Laboratory Examination140
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Examination1100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures28256
Case Study4520
Individual Study for Mid term Examination155
Individual Study for Final Examination155
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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