Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
402002011997CYTOLOGYCompulsory235
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The aim of this course is to teach main concepts of cytology to students such as cell chemistry structure, cell wall and membrane structure, relationships between organelles, analytical thinking about cytology, experimental logic, evolution of cells and metabolisms cell chemistry, catalyst function of enzymes, transportation between nucleus and cytoplasm, structure and function of organelles, cytoskeleton and cell movement, structure of plasma membrane and transportation of small molecules cell signal transduction, cell cycle and interaction between this topics.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Hatice Demiray, Prof. Dr. Melike Bor, Doç. Dr. Hediye Sekmen, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Gamze Turgay İzzetoğlu
Learning Outcomes
1To learn the structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
2To examine the structure of cell wall and membranes.
3To gain interdisciplinary approach to cytology.
4To understand carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins.
5To understand the function and structure of cell organelles.
6To earn experimental experience on cell biology.
7To be able to search current scientific publications and to share knowledge by oral and written languages.
8To understand the relations between experimental logic, analytical thinking, quantitative analysis and problem solving.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
None
Recommended Optional Programme Components
None
Course Contents
Chemistry structure, cell wall and membrane structure, relationships between organelles, analytical thinking about cytology, experimental logic, evolution of cells and metabolisms cell chemistry, catalyst function of enzymes, transportation between nucleus and cytoplasm, structure and function of organelles, cytoskeleton and cell movement, structure of plasma membrane and transportation of small molecules cell signal transduction
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
WeekTheoreticalPracticeLaboratory
0Introduction to Cell and Cell Reseraches: Primitive Cell Evolution of Metabolism Prokaryotic and eukaryotic Cells Development of Multicellular Organisms Cells as Experimental Models History, Types and Structure of Microscope, Experiment with onion epidermis cell to examine giant nucleus and cell structure
1Cell Chemistry I: Carbohydrates Lipids Nucleic Acids Laboratory Techniques: Pipetting, pH measurement, definition of molarity and normality, preparation of solutions Preparations of solutions with different molarities and normalities
2Cell Chemistry II: Proteins The role of Enzymes as Biological Catalysts Cell Chemisty: A Presentation about Carbon Structure, Structure of Water, Properties of Protein, Carbohydrates and Lipids Exercises
3Nucleus: Nuclear Membrane, Transportation Between Cytoplasm and Nucleus Nuclear System Nucleolus Nucleus During Mitosis Plant Tissues: Epidermis, vascular tissue, hair, lenticel, palisadeand sponge parenchyma, Sclereids, Tree Rings........vs
4Endoplasmic Reticulum: ER and Protein Synthesis ER Targeted Proteins Corporation of Proteins to ER membrane Smooth-ER and Lipid Synthesis Animal Tissues Blood Tissue, Connective tissue Muscle Tissue, Bone tissue Epidermal tissue, Neural tissue Cartilage tissue
5Golgi Apparatus: Organisation of Golgi Protein Processes in Golgi Protein Classification and Exclusion in Golgi Examination of Cytoplasmic Movements: Examination of Plastids Exam: Plant Tissues and Mitochondria
6Mitochondria: Organisation and Function Genetic System Protein Uptake Mechanism and Structure Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmotic Theory Cell Organelles: Examination of slide Representations and Movie
7MidtermCell Wall Primary and Secondary Walls, Middle Lamella, Channels
8Chloroplasts and Other Plastids: Structure and Function Genome of Chloroplasts Uptake of Chloroplast Proteins and Distribution Other Plastids Peroxisomes Functions Two Important Function of Peroxisomes Ribosomes DNA Isolation from Kiwi Representations Exam: Plastids
9Cytoskeleton and Cell Movement: Structure of Actin Filaments (Microfilaments) Actin, Myosin and Cell Movement Microtubules Cytogenetic Approaches to Chromosome Biology: Examination of Slides DNA-Chromosome Relations, GISH, FSH
10Cell Surface (I): Structure of Cell Surface The double layer of phospholipids Membrane Proteins Membrane Lipids Transportation of Small Molecules: Passive Diffusion Facilitated Diffusion and Transportation Proteins Ion Channels Active Transportation by ATP hydrolysis Active Transportation by Ion Gradient Mitosis in Onion Root Tips
11Cell Surface(II) Endocytosis : Phagocytosis, Receptor mediated Endocytosis, Cell Wall and Extracellular Matrix, Cell-Cell Intractions Meiosis, Spermatogenesis, Oogenesis Anatomical Examination of Testicle, Sperm, Ovary, Follicle
12Cell Signal Transduction: Signal Transduction Molecules and Receptors Functions of Cell Surface Receptors Intracellular Signal Transduction Pathways Regulation of Programmed Cell Death Laboratory Techniques Spectrophotometric and Electrophoretic Methods, Principles of HPLC, PCR, Real-Time PCR
13Cell Cycle: Eukaryotic Cell Cycle Phases of Cell Cycle Checkpoints of Cell Cycle Swine Flu, Cancer, AIDS and Stem Cells
14Developmental Regulators of Cell Cycle: M Phase, Phases of Mitosis, Meiosis and FertilizationLaboratory Exams
15Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
•Cooper G. M., Hausman R. E. 2006. Hücre (Moleküler Yaklaşım) (Eds: Sakızlı, M., Atabay, N. •Alberts B., Johnson A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., Walter, P. 2008 Hücrenin moleküler biyolojisi TÜBA
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
SUM0
Language of Instruction
Turkish
Work Placement(s)
None
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures14228
Laboratory14228
Seminar212
Self Study11333
Individual Study for Mid term Examination11111
Individual Study for Final Examination11111
Reading11222
TOTAL WORKLOAD (hours)137
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
PO
1
PO
2
PO
3
PO
4
PO
5
PO
6
PO
7
PO
8
PO
9
PO
10
PO
11
PO
12
PO
13
PO
14
LO15        5    
LO2 5            
LO35   4         
LO45        5    
LO5  5      545  
LO6  45445    5  
LO74554    4     
LO8              
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
 
Ege University, Bornova - İzmir / TURKEY • Phone: +90 232 311 10 10 • e-mail: intrec@mail.ege.edu.tr