Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
2103003232009HISTORY AND ART OF EASTERN ROMECompulsory356
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Language of Instruction
Objectives of the Course
This course aims to provide tourist guiding students with an informative foundation for both their Anatolia tour and their prospective careers by acquainting them adequately with the multitudinous elements of the cultural heritage of humankind that date to the Eastern Roman period, enabling them to introduce mostly Christian visitors of Istanbul, the once capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantium, and such prominent imperial regions as Cappadocia to this cultural heritage, and therefore to contribute to the cultural tourism in Anatolia.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Assist. Prof. Dr. Serap ÖZDÖL
Learning Outcomes
1Awareness of how closely related the historical development of the Eastern Roman Empire and the archaeology as well as art history of Turkey are
2Understanding why Istanbul used to be the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, i.e. a Christian empire, approximately 1700 years before the common era, and why it transformed into an urban center as prominent as Jerusalem; and ability to evaluate the cultural heritage of the period comparatively with the life and culture of the Ottoman Empire and the present day
3Comprehension of the importance of Istanbul, the once capital of the Eastern Roman Empire and the largest and most spectacular city in present-day Turkey, and of Cappadocia, another major culture region, in terms of the contemporaneous surrounding cultures and the Christian world; and ability to market this awareness as a novel and laudable product in tourism
4Ability to recognize and define as well as exemplify interpretations of the architecture, statues, mosaics, mural paintings, and other finds unearthed during archaeological excavations of Byzantine Period sites
5Acquaintance with and developing the habit of following the essential as well as current publications and websites about the period covered
6Ability to convey outstanding sites concerning Eastern Roman art, such as Hagia Sophia and the Chora Museum, as well as the artworks discovered therein expeditiously and efficiently; through essential, recent, and plausible interpretations; and both orally and in writing
7Ability to contemplate, question, discuss, exchange ideas, present scientific approaches and interpretations concerning the basic issues within the course content, and to adjust such knowledge to prospective careers
8Knowing properly the features and recognize worth of past and present Anatolian civilizations, culture, and geography, and ability to introduce them to appreciative people of different cultures
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
The content of this course consists primarily of the historical development of the Eastern Roman Empire; military structures like city walls and gates; such examples of civil architecture / engineering as the Hippodrome of Constantinople, aqueducts, cisterns, palaces, fora, and monuments; and early religious structures like churches and monasteries, important in terms of their architectural plans; all of which date to the Byzantine Period and are located in Istanbul, the capital. The best-preserved and most-visited spectacular edifices among architectural structures in Istanbul, the Museums of Hagia Sophia and Chora will be studied thoroughly with architectural plans as well as mosaics and mural paintings, which summarize almost the entire Christian iconography. Besides the ones located in the imperial capital, certain notable Byzantine religious works of art found in Cappadocia, one of the crucial regions for the early periods and spread of Christianity, and other centers of the empire will be examined within the scope of this course.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Introduction: the scope and significance of the course; an overview of the Byzantine history Giving information and determining the level of knowledge about the subject
2Byzantine historyInstruction of archaeological terms related to the period and the logic of chronology
3Byzantine structures in IstanbulInstruction, question-asking, discussion, exchange of ideas, and presentation of plausible as well as scientific approaches and interpretations
4Byzantine structures in Istanbul
5Religious architecture and churches
6Architectural plans of churches
7Architecture of the Hagia Sophia Museum
8Midterm examination
9Mosaics of the Hagia Sophia Museum
10Architecture, mosaics and mural paintings of the Chora Museum
11Mosaics and mural paintings of the Chora Museum
12Mosaics and mural paintings of the Chora Museum
13Byzantine art in Cappadocia
14Byzantine art in Cappadocia
15Other Byzantine artworks in Turkey
16Final examination
Recommended or Required Reading
1.Georg Ostrogorsky, Bizans Devleti Tarihi, çev. Fikret Işıltan, Türk Tarih Kur. Yay., Ankara, 1999. 2.Semavi Eyice, Türkiye’de Bizans Sanatı, Anadolu Uygarlıkları Ansk. 3, Görsel Yayınları, 1982. 3.Semavi Eyice, Ayasofya I-III, Yapı Kredi Bankası, İstanbul, 1984-1986. 4.Semavi Eyice, Son Devir Bizans Mimarisi, İstanbul’da Palaiologoslar Devri Anıtları, Türkiye Turing ve Otomobil Kurumu Yayınları, İstanbul, 1980 5.Robert Ousterhout, Sanatsal Açıdan Kariye Camii, Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları, İstanbul, 2002. 6.Yıldız Ötüken, Göreme, Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, Ankara, 1987. 7.Doğan Kuban, 100 soruda Türkiye Sanatı Tarihi, Gerçek Yayınevi, İstanbul, 2000. 8.M. Şevket İpşiroğlu, Ahtamar Kilisesi, Işıkla Canlanan
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Midterm Examination1100
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Sınavı1100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination122
Final Examination122
Attending Lectures12224
Field Trip2612
Brain Storming8216
Self Study10330
Individual Study for Mid term Examination12020
Individual Study for Final Examination12424
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO1   4          
LO2   5          
LO3   5          
LO4   4          
LO7   5          
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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