Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
708003062016ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHYCompulsory364
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
The aim of the course is to make student to be able to comprehend general features and main problems of Falasifah movement and to be able to comparison between Medieval Islamic and Christian Philosophy
Name of Lecturer(s)
Yrd. Doç. Dr. Özgür Soysal
Learning Outcomes
1To be able to detect the main intellectual issues in Islamic Midlle Ages and to consider critically the disccusions on relationships between philosophy and religion
2To survey the main features of Islam
3To comprehend theological problems in Islamic Middle Ages and to comprehend critically the controversy between Mu’tazilah and Ashari theological schools
4To understand the main features of Islamic Mysticism (Tasawwouf)
5To apprehend the characteristics of Greek style philosophical tradition (Falasifah)and the views of the philosophers that belong to the tradition
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
None
Recommended Optional Programme Components
None
Course Contents
Philosophical movements in the Islamic world, authenticity-problem of the philosophy of Islam, Muslim theologian, the conflict of Ash’ari-Mu’tazilah, essence – existence problem, Aash’ari, Ghazali, Al-Farabi, Ibn Arabi, Ibn Khaldun
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
WeekTheoreticalPracticeLaboratory
1General Introduction, Main concepts ,Meanings that indicate Islam, philosophy and Islamic philosophy
2The characteristics and main problems of the philosophical movements in the Islamic world and their comparison with the Christian Philosophy,Initial movements of thought in the medieval Islamic world, The rise of Ash’ari and the conflict between Ash’ari-Mutazilah, The criticism of Kalam in the work “Kitab ‘İhsa’ al-Uloom” (Categories of Science) of Al-Farabi
3Ash’ari’s opinions of Kalam. The theory of atomism and the denial of causality, Ghazali’s occasionalism, The theory of habits and its formulation by Ghazali
4The Relation of Kalam and Ontology; the reason of Ibn Khaldun to consider the contents of Aristotle’s’ logic, The division of Kalam into two periods by Ibn Khaldun and the development of Kalam in these two periods, How the Kalam became philosophical?
5The main problems of Kalam according to Ibn Khaldun and the development of Kalam
6The main problems and concepts of the Sufism movement, The division of Sufism into two periods by Ibn Khaldun and the development of Sufism in these two periods, How the Sufism became philosophical?
7The influences of the Kalam and Sufism movements to the Islamic Philosophy, The portraits of the theologian, mystic and philosopher in the Islamic world
8The problem of essence-existence in the Greek Philosophy, Islamic Theologians, Philo the Jew, Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina and Ibn Arabi
9Midterm
10The theory of Wahdat al-Wujud of Ibn Arabi
11The critiques of philosophy and Kalam by Ibn Arabi ,The relations of god, nature and human in Sufism movement ,A comparison between Kalam and Sufism
12Unity-plurality, appearance-reality, subject-object, cam-farq relations in the theory of Wahdat al-Wujud. The problem in between prophet and guardianship
13The term of absolute in the philosophy of Sufism,A comparison between Plotinus, Al-Farabi and Ibn Arabi with respect to the relations of God, nature and human ,The attributes of God problem
14The role and place of Sufism in the rise and collapse of the Islamic culture
15The comparison of the Kalam, Sufism and philosophy movements in the medieval Islamic world with respect to the method, subject and purpose
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
Arslan, Ahmet, (2009). İbni Haldunı. İstanbul: İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları Arslan, Ahmet, (1999). İslam Felsefesi Üzerine. İstanbul: Vadi Yayınları Arslan, Ahmet, Tasavvuf ve Vahdet-i Vücut kuramı üzerine notlar, Ders Notları Corbin, Henry, (1994). İslam Felsefesi Tarihi. Çev. Hüseyin Hatemi. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları Farabi, (1999). İlimlerin Sayımı, Çev. Ahmet Arslan. İstanbul: Vadi Yayınları Gilson, Etienne, (2003). Ortaçağ’da Felsefe, Çev. İstanbul: Kabalcı Yayınevi İzutsu, Toshihuku, (1993). İslam’da Varlık Düşüncesi. Çev. İbrahim Kalın. İstanbul: İnsan Yayınları İzutsu, Toshihuku, (2002). İslam Mistik Düşüncesi Üzerine Makaleler. Çev. Ramazan Ertürk. İstanbul: Anka Yayınları Watt, W. Montgomery, (1998). İslam Düşüncesinin Teşekkül Devri, W. Çev. Ethem Ruhi Fığlalı. İstanbul: Birleşik Yayınları Wolfson, Austryn, (2002). Kelam Felsefeleri, Çev. Kasım Turhan. İstanbul: Kitapevi Yayınları
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
SUM0
Language of Instruction
Turkish
Work Placement(s)
None
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination133
Final Examination133
Attending Lectures14342
Individual Study for Mid term Examination2510
Individual Study for Final Examination2510
Reading14456
TOTAL WORKLOAD (hours)124
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
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1
PO
2
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3
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4
PO
5
PO
6
PO
7
PO
8
PO
9
PO
10
PO
11
PO
12
PO
13
LO1             
LO2             
LO3             
LO4             
LO5             
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
 
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