Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
To provide information so that students can: 1) understand main chemical and organic constructions, functions and interactions of biomolecules in humans; 2) apperceive energy metabolism pathways, the sources of these pathways and the importance of nutrition elements such as vitamines and minerals; recognize their specific roles in connection with performance in various exercise intensities and duration; 3) understand the theoretical bases of constructig scientific training programmes, and assess performance tests; 4) follow and comment on the scientifical and technological developments in the area.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Assoc.Prof.Dr.Faruk Turgay
Learning Outcomes
1To apperceive the constituents and periodic grouping of atoms, chemical bounds, the fomation of molecules and compounds; to recognise the constitution of biomolecules in the organism, and to establish the relation between construction and function;
2To understand basic mechanisms involving chemical reactions and chemical equilibrium, oxidation and reduction, reaction speed, chemical solutions, concentration units, pH and buffer systems;
3To recognise the definition, consruction and classification of main organic chemical substances, and the main chemical groups which participate in a reaction, isomeric features of organic substances, all by especially establishing relations with examples in energy metabolism;
4To understand the basic structure, nomenclature and classification of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids;
5To acknowledge the structure and functions of hemoglobin and myoglobin, and their role in oxygen trasport during exercise;
6To recognize nucleotide structure and its function in relation to heredity, to be able to explain DNA, RNA and gene concepts and to set up relations with protein synthesis.
7 To understand energy metabolism, storage forms of energy, ATP and CP molecules; to understand carbohydrate metabolism during exercise, the concept of oxygen-independent glycolysis, lactate threshold, β-oxidation of lipids during exercise, and balance sheets of the basic pathways; the fate of energy carriers obtained through these pathways via the electron transport chain and the oxidative phosphorilation;
8To recognize the structure, function and classification of enzymes and coenzymes and their relationship with exercise performance.
9To grasp structure, function, classification and control mechanisms of hormones with examples involving exercise;
10To recognize fluid-electrolyte and mineral balance in the organism in basic and varying environmental or exertion conditions;
11To apperceive holistically the digestion and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins as nutrition elements;
12To raise awareness on issues such as anti-doping control in relation with sports ethics and education, besides giving main classifications, actions and side effects of such drugs;
13To be able to follow scietific and technological developments in the field of exercise biochemistry;
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
The constituents and functions of substance and human cell; chemical mechanisms; acid, base and buffer systems, and the relationships between these factors and exercise performance; the structure and classification of organic chemistry; carbohydrates, lipids, proteins; porphyrins and nucleic acids; the structure and functions of hormones, vitamins and minerals and their roles in different environmental and exercise conditions. The stages of energy metabolism; the digestion and the funtions of nutrition elements in energy metabolism and their relationship with performance; the relationships of heredity with performance; the separation of ergogenic aids and doping factors, importance of anti-doping control.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1A general presentation of lesson and the importance in terms of sports science. The structure of atoms, elements and periodic table, chemical bondings.
2The structural elements of the cell: Cytoplasm and organelles, structure and functions of cell membrane. Structural components of the blood; structure and and functions of erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets, and their structural and functional changes in different exercise and environmental conditions and their relationships with health and exercise.
3Chemical equilibrium, acids, bases, pH, buffer systems, the Henderson-Hasselbach equation, acidosis, alkalosis, lactate tolerance and the relationships between these and exercise performance, oxidation-reduction, the reaction rate, the mole concept, concentration units: molarity, normality, chemical reagents.
4Basic organic chemistry, functional groups, important reactions, and classification and importance of of isomers.
5The basic molecular structure, classifications of carbohydrates and lipids, their functions in the organism and during exercise. The similarities of starch and glycogen. The basic functions of lipoproteins and cholesterol in the main structure of hormones, their relationships with with health and sports performance.
6Structure and classification of amino acids; peptide and polypeptide structures, their roles in ionic and hydrophobic interactions, their general metabolism; especially the importance of essential amino acids in nutrition, health and exercise performance; primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins; structure and function of myoglobin and hemoglobin; the meanings of anemia and hypoxia, the Bohr effect, 2,3-diphospho-glycerate.
7The basic structure and function of nucleotides; function and metabolism of purines and pyrimidines. Structure and function of enzymes and coenzymes. The structure and function, classification of hormones. Factors affecting hormonal secretion, effects of hormones on the metabolism in different environmental conditions and exercise.
8Midtern Exam
9Energy and types of energy, energy metabolism and pathways, the storage form of energy: ATP and creatine phosphate (CP). Glycolysis, glyconeogenesis, lactate metabolism and their regulation, biochemical fate of lactate, lactate threshold, fatigue, recovery concepts. The Cori cycle.
10β-oxidation and the Krebs cycle, enzymatic control of the cycle ,and their relationship with enzymatic glycolysis. Transamination, glycogenic and ketogenic amino acids and their contribution rates in various exercise intensity and duration.
11NADH, FADH, cytochromes, electron transport chain, oxidative phosphorylation, ATP synthesis and its regulation, their relations with exercise of various duration and intensity.
12The hormonal and enzymatic effects of digestion on carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. The importance of nutrition in the integration of energy systems in the organism, metabolic and biochemical regulation, their relations with exercise performance.
13The functions of DNA and RNA, mRNA, tRNA, transcription, translation, protein synthesis. Inheritanceand relationships with health and exercise performance.
14Water, electrolyte and mineral metabolism, the control of homeostasis in different environmental and exercise conditions. Iron deficiency anemia and its relationship with performance, the parameters used for monitoring iron metabolism.
15The definition and classification of doping substances and ergogenic aids, their realtionships with performance, effectiveness and side effects, the importance of education in anti-doping control.
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
Course Books: Vassilis Mougios. Exercise Biochemistry, Human Kinetics, USA, 2006. Assist Books: Ron Maughan, Michael Gleeson: The Biochemical Basis of Sports Performance. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2004. Pamela C. Champe, Richard A. Harvey: Biochemistry (Lippincott’s Ilustrated Reviews). Çev. Asuman Tokullugil, Melahat Dirican, Engin Ulukaya: Biyokimya. Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri Ltd.Şti, İstanbul, 1997 (2.Baskı).Toivo Jurimae, Neil Armstrong, Jaak Jurimae: Children and Exercise XXIV. Taylor & Francis Group, USA, 2009. Jack H. Wilmore, David L.Costill. Physiology of Sport and Exercise. Human Kinetics, USA, 1994.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Midterm Examination1100
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Sınavı1100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures14342
Individual Study for Mid term Examination10220
Individual Study for Final Examination10330
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO4443343 3344
LO74333443 344
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
Ege University, Bornova - İzmir / TURKEY • Phone: +90 232 311 10 10 • e-mail: