Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Language of Instruction
Objectives of the Course
To teach students: muscle structure and Contractile mechanisms and processes result in muscular fatigue and over training and performance, relationships, Lactate Lactate tolerance thresholds and performance concepts and relationships, to teach their use in training, water and mineral metabolism and performance in different environmental conditions, to understand the importance of relationships and beverages for athletes, ergogenic aid and doping substances and methods and their health, performance, and to teach the effects of the economic budget Doping-making process and equipment to make sure they have the necessary knowledge to be able to task, Sports anemia and their causes; health and relationships to ensure the comprehension performance, Oxidative stress, oxidants and antioxidants to provide the performance and understanding of some of the diseases associated, Which is the main risk factor for coronary heart disease, blood lipids, obesity, healthy lifestyle diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, ensure the comprehension exercises, sports performance and monitoring the developments in technology to carry out a more scientifically-based training programs, performance measurement and evaluation of an infrastructure able to win; follow and interpret scientific and technological developments in this area.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Assoc.Prof.Dr.Faruk Turgay
Learning Outcomes
1Muscle biochemistry and contraction: basic structure and function of muscle, contraction of biochemical mechanisms, and functional grasp the characteristics of fiber types, exercise performance, with the associate, the mechanism of skeletal muscle contraction and muscle damage indicators (troponin, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, cortisol and testosterone, etc. ) for the regulation to recognize the training to use them
2Kinetics of lactic acid: lactic acid, which is the end product of the glycolytic system, the behavior of the different exercise conditions, fatigue, relationship, lactate threshold, lactate tolerance and understanding the causes of meaning and usage in training, lactate threshold training information, applications, and use in performance assessment,
3Muscular fatigue and Mechanisms: Definition and classification of fatigue, the central concepts of fatigue and muscular fatigue: Basic mechanisms, the accumulation of fatigue and energy storage discharge of chemicals that delaying fatigue based on hypotheses thus take the necessary measures to recognize,
4Over training: the meaning of overtraining, formation processes and mechanisms, and identify the main indicators, exercise performance, and take the necessary measures for the prevention associate,
5Fatigue analysis of Basic sports branches:
6Structure and function of urine: urine biochemical and physical structure, function and formation and the formation of a grasp grasp of doping and sports tıpbında kullanılımını urine samples, the doping process of sampling be strictly scientific and legal infrastructure ,
7Water and mineral metabolism: the cold, heat and exercise, fluids and essential minerals at high level mechanisms, relationships, and performance athletes understand the importance of beverages, training plans, making more efficient use of this information, sports drink, prepare,
8Ergogenic aid: Basic ergogenic aids and classify them to get to know the methods, doping substances and methods able to distinguish between them, their health, be aware of their impact on performance and economy,
9Doping: The Meaning of doping substances and methods to recognize, ergogenic aid, and be able to distinguish between the concepts of doping, doping performance relationship, in terms of health hazards to grasp and realize the importance of education,
10Sports Anemia: Anemia and sports anemia, causes of anemia based on understanding and be able to recognize some basic signs,
11Oxidative stress: the oxidant-antioxidant system to recognize the concepts of components and oxidative stress, these processes of adaptation to training, performance, and be aware of some diseases, relationships,,
12Atherosclerosis and risk factors of atherosclerosis, meaning occurrence process, the major risk factors;
13Healthy lifestyle exercise: exercises in different age groups for the purpose of healthy living and chronic disease based on their effects on biochemical and physical condition profile to grasp relationships, wellness exercises to type, intensity, duration and frequency of their effects on health and performance, and be aware of hazards, such egzersiler permission for the sports physician or the physician is essential to be aware of,
14Sports Technology: to be able to follow the developments in this area, in terms of health and performance evaluation purposes and the importance of their application, applications, perform,Scientific publications and technological developments in the field of biochemistry of exercise to follow, to bring the critical approaches to this technology, establish a branch close relationships with other disciplines to solve problems, develop new strategies,
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Exercise Biochemistry I should had been taken
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
Muscle structure, components, and sports performance fiber types and genetic relationships, Muscle contraction, muscular fatigue and over training cases and biochemical mechanisms of formation processes and performance, relationships, lactate threshold and lactate tolerance and performance concepts, relations, different environmental (Hot, Cold, and at high level) egzersizlerdeki water and mineral metabolism and performance conditions, relationships, and the importance of Sports drinks , and the structure and function of urine for doping use in sports medicine and, Substances and methods of doping and ergogenic aid, health, performance and economy üzerineki effects. Anemia, Sports anemia and their causes; health and performance, relationships, Oxidative stress, oxidants and antioxidants, concepts, performance, and some of these diseases, relationships, The main risk factors for coronary heart disease, blood fats, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and their Relationship with exercise, healthy lifestyle, Sports technology developments in the follow-up, Can be used as tools to develop a more scientifically-based training programs
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Structure and Mechanism of Muscle Contraction: Skeletal muscle biochemical structure and functional properties of fast and slow twitch fiber types of skeletal, genetic, and relationships with sports performance, skeletal muscle contraction mechanism and indicators of muscle damage (troponin, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, cortisol and testosterone, etc.), and the basic biochemical mechanisms of muscular fatigue and overtraining development processes, exercise performance, relationships
2Lactic acid kinetics: Glycolysis and the regulation of lactic acid is the end product, the behavior of the different exercise conditions, lactate and lactate threshold of tolerance concepts, the meaning and the biochemical mechanisms, measurement techniques, exercise, workouts and exercise performance reasons relations with usage,
3Fatigue: Fatigue is the definition and classification; central concepts of fatigue and muscular fatigue: Basic Mechanisms, Fatigue and energy storage discharge hypothesis that the accumulation of chemical substances,
4Overtraining: Basic biochemical processes and mechanisms, and indicators, exercise performance, and relationships. Over training, over reaching concepts,
5The basic biochemical mechanisms of fatigue branches of sports: Athletics, Football, Basketball and Swimming branches branches of fatigue and tiredness mekanizmaları.Bu their basic biochemical, energy routes, fuel tanks and chemicals unit of muscle contraction by limiting relations.
6Water and Mineral Mechanism: Hot, cold and altitude conditions, the basic minerals (Na, K, Ca, Mg, etc.). Homeostasis mechanisms, related hormones, with the performance of athletes and sports drinks, and the importance of relationships,
7Structure and function of urine: urine biochemical structure, properties and functions of the shape in which it occurred; hormones relationship between macroscopic and microscopic appearance and sports medicine, the use of doping control and training applications,
8Midterm Exam
9Structure and function of urine: urine biochemical structure, properties and functions of the shape in which it occurred; hormones relationship between macroscopic and microscopic appearance and sports medicine, the use of doping control and training applications,
10Blood structure and function, location and construction processes, cells, erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets structure and function, blood clotting, blood count, whole blood, plasma, serum, the meanings of terms such as hematocrit, red blood cell content, structure and functions as well, and hemoglobin, the oxygen transfer and the buffer system, roles, relationships with hypoxia, the fate of red blood cells, bilirubin, urobilonojen, anemia and varieties, nutrition and sports performance and relationships,
11Oxidative stress: the oxidant-antioxidant status, oxidative stress, oxidants, reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrosative species occurrence patterns; roles of internal and external conditions; biochemical reactions; 'Fenton reaction; electron transfer systems; Enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants and vitamins. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) Catalase (CAT) Xanthine oxidase (XO) Glutathione peroxidase; albumin, a-tocopherol (vitamin E) b-carotene (vitamin A) vitamin C and the like. Oxidants and antioxidants in health, illness and adaptations to exercise and exercise performance and relations,
12Ergogenic aid: the identification and classification of ergogenic aids (Nutritional, Physiological, Pharmacological, mechanical and biomechanical and psychological), performance, relationships, effects and side effects, the importance of education,
13Atherosclerosis and risk factors of atherosclerosis, meaning in the theories of the development of the main risk factors: Sedentary lifestyle (passive life), obesity, diabetes, hypertension, lipids and lipoproteins, and the relationships of these factors, exercise,
14Exercise, healthy living and biochemical fundamentals: the different age groups for the purpose of wellness, running, walking, fast walking, swimming, cycling, and other exercise intensity, duration and frequency at the basic biochemical profile, and its effects on physical condition, due to sedentary life, some chronic relations exercises, healthy lifestyle diseases.
15To follow the developments regarding Sports Technology: Sports performance in relation to the exercise of the technological developments and scientific publications in the field of biochemistry. The importance of the use of technologies in sports.
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
Vassilis Mougios. Exercise Biochemistry, Human Kinetics, USA, 2006. Ron Maughan, Michael Gleeson: The Biochemical Basis of Sports Performance. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2004. Michelle P Warren and Naama W constantini: Sports Endocrinology, Humana Press Inc. Totowa, New Jersey , (2000) Assistant Books: Cari A.Burtis, Edward R.Ashwood, “Tietz Textbook of clinical Biochemistry’’, W.B.Saunders company. Philadelphia, (1999) T.Onat, Eser Y.Sözmen,‘’İnsan Biyokimayası’’, Palme Yayıncılık, Ankara, (2002)
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Sınavı1100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures14342
Self Study14114
Individual Study for Mid term Examination15115
Individual Study for Final Examination20120
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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