Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
ANT315ERGOGENIC AIDS IN SPORTSCompulsory353
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
To provide students recognize and distinguish the substances and methods which are classified as doping and not ergogenic aids that are used to enhance performance in sport; to teach them the function, metabolism and structure of important substances and methods which are being used often today, to enable students recognize their positive or negative effects on health and exercise performance, to ensure they are able to make more efficient and harmless modifications in their diet in the light of basic nutrition criteria in different environmental conditions and performance in different sports, to avoid unnecessary financial expenditure and to follow scientific and technological developments in this area,
Name of Lecturer(s)
Asst.Prof.Dr.Faruk Turgay
Learning Outcomes
1To understand the meaning of ergogenic substances and ergogenic aids and the aims in using these substances
2To be able to recognize, distinguish and classify the prohibited (doping) substances, the use of free (ergogenic) substances and methods and their general characteristics,awaress of legal responsibilities.
3To recognize the basic structures, functions and relations with exercise performance of biomolecules such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats and nucleic acids that are in the structure and function of human organism.
4To understand the digestion and metabolism of basic nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins and minerals and be able to associate with exercise performance.
5To understand energy metabolism and energy paths, to be able to relate these paths with performance in different branches of sport.
6To recognize general and sport-specific nutrition principles; the role of substances used as ergogenic aid in energy metabolism and their relation with exercise performance.
7To be able to recognize ergogenic aids by separating into five basic classes according to their characteristics:
8To learn classification of nutritional aids such as carbohydrates, proteins (and amino acid derivates), lipids and derivatives, vitamins and minerals and special drinks; understanding basic structure and metabolism of the most commonly used ones, their positive and negative effects on health and exercise performance, relating with sport performance.
9To grasp physiological aids as classses in the form of: creatine, carnitine, oxygen carriers, blood doping, erythropoietin, aspartic acid salts, bicarbonate loading, phosphate loading, heating and temperature variations; understanding their functional mechanism, relations with performance and possible damage as basic structure, metabolism and ergogenic aid.
10To understand pharmacological aids as the use of free or restricted substances (alcohol, caffeine, nicotine) and the use of prohibited substances: hormones (anabolic steroids, HGH, oral contraceptives) and structure and functions, metabolism of other doping substances and methods, relations with exercise performance, their legal status, the beneficial and harmful effects,
11To understand the mechanism and importance of mechanical and biomechanical factors such as shoes, clothes, equipment, materials, environment, ground structure; regulation of body composition at exercise performance.
12To recognize the importance of psychological aid factors such as hypnosis, stress treatment and management, their biochemical mechanisms and relations with exercise performance.
13To be able to make necessary modifications in the diet to make sport-specific nutrition plans for performance in various environmental conditions,
14To be able to recognize launched ergogenic substances and methods, to be aware of their harmful and beneficial effects, and to prevent unnecessary expenditure.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
None
Recommended Optional Programme Components
None
Course Contents
Materials and methods which are classified as doping and not (ergogenic), intended purpose and classification, distinguishable features, structure and functions, digestion and metabolism of biomolecular and nutrient elements and relations with exercise performance, Energy metabolism and pathways, general and sportive nutrition principles for success, classifying today’s commonly used ergogenic based substances and methods according to their characteristics as: 1- Nutritional, 2- Physiological, 3- Pharmacological, 4- Mechanical and biomechanical and 5-Psychological aids, and from each class the structure, function and metabolism, usage doses of the important ones which is the most commonly used today, their positive or negative effects on health and exercise performance, importance of ergogenic substances in terms of economic and financial aspects.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
WeekTheoreticalPracticeLaboratory
1Introducing ergogenic substances and methods, usage objectives, classified as prohibited (doping) or the use of free (ergogenic) substances and methods, general properties of these and legal status of their usages. Classification of ergogenic aids according their properties as: 1- Nutritional, 2- Physiological, 3- Pharmacological, 4- Mechanical and biomechanical and 5-Psychological aids, and relations with exercise performance in the general sense.
2Biomolecules, located on the structure of organisms: General structure and function of protein, carbohydrates, fats and nucleic acids, basic structure and functions of enzymes and hormones and their relations with exercise performance.
3General aspects of the nutrient elements such as carbohydrates, lipids, protein, vitamin and mineral: digestion, metabolism and relations with exercise performance.
4Energy metabolism and energy pathways, bioenergetics; structure, resources, functions in energy metabolism, metabolism and regulations of high-energy compounds like ATP and CP. TCA cycle, electron carriers, oxidative phosphorylation, ATP synthesis, relations with exercise performance
5General and sport-specific basics of nutrition principles, the roles and basic mechanisms of generally classified ergogenic aids in the energy metabolism, relations with exercise performance.
6Classification of nutritional aids: carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, lipids and their derivatives, vitamins, minerals, and sports drinks. General relations of these substances with functions and performance. Carbohydrates (CHO) and their derivates: classification, storage, metabolism of CH, glycogenolysis, hypoglycemia, metabolic and hormonal regulation of glycolysis and relations with exercise performance. Ergogenic substances related to the metabolism of CHO: special dietary, glycemic index, glucose loading, ergogenic effects of sports drinks and other sugars.
7Structure and functions of proteins, amino acids and their derivates; General structure and functions, classificationand metabolism of amino acids, their relationship with essential and non-essential amino acids and performance, ergogenics in the form of amino acids and its derivatives: structure and functions, metabolism, doses of usage of substances such as creatine, glutamine, hydroxymethyl butyrate (HMB), lysine, arginine, and its relation with nitric oxide, tyrosine, histidine, ornithine, tryptophan, leucine, isoleucine, taurine, glucosamine, chondroitin sulphate and their effects on performance.
8Protein and its derivates: The effects of proteins to osmotic pressure, structure and function of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Effects of anemia and related hormones, vitamins, minerals; the benefits and harms of protein powders and their relationships to performance.
9Midterms Exam
10The structure, classification, storage, metabolism and regulation of lipids, and their relationships to exercise performance. Ergogenic substances related with lipid metabolism: the structure and functions, doses of usage, metabolism of substances such as carnitine, conjugated linoleic acid, medium chain triglycerides, glycerol, wheat germ oil octacosanol and their effects on the health and performance.
11The relation of liquid-electrolyte balance and acid-base balance with exercise performance.Physiological aids: the basic structure, functions and metabolism, usage doses, harmful effects of creatine, carnitine, oxygen carriers, blood doping, erythropoietin, aspartic acid salts, citrate, bicarbonate, bicarbonate loading, phosphate loading, heating and temperature variations and their relationships to exercise performance
12Pharmacological aids: The structure, function, metabolism, doses of usage of alcohol, caffeine, beta blockers, nicotine, etc.. and their effect on the performance.
13Pharmacological aids: substances and methods which are free to use or prohibited: meaning of the word doping, classification of doping substances, commonly used doping substances. The structure, function, metabolism, doses of usage, harmful effects, legal status of hormones, anabolic steroids, HGH, oral contraceptives, amphetamines, diuretics, cocaine and marijuana and their effect on the health and performance.
14Mechanical and biomechanical aids: The importance and biochemical mechanism of factors such as shoes, clothes, equipment, materials, environment, ground structure; regulation of body composition and the roles on exercise performance.
15Psychological aids: The importance and biochemical mechanism of factors such as hypnosis and stress therapy; management and relationships to exercise performance.
16Final Exam
Recommended or Required Reading
Ders Kitabı: Wolinsky I, Driskell JA. Nutritional Ergogenic Aids, CRC Press, Boca Raton USA, 2004 Yardımcı Kitaplar: Ersoy G. Egzersiz ve Spor Yapanlar için Beslenme, Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara, 2004 (3. Baskı), Brody T. Nutritional Biochemistry, Academic Pres, Elsevier, Sandiego, California, USA, 1999 (second Edition). Berdainer CD, Dwyer H, Feldman EB. Handbook of Nutrition and Food, CRC pres, Taylor and Francis Group, USA, 2008 (Second Edition)
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Midterm Examination1100
SUM100
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Sınavı1100
SUM100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
SUM100
Language of Instruction
Turkish
Work Placement(s)
None
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures14342
Individual Study for Mid term Examination15230
Individual Study for Final Examination20240
TOTAL WORKLOAD (hours)114
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
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* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
 
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