Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
703004082014PALEOGEOGRAPHY OF TURKEYElective484
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
Aim of this course is mainly to treat the paleogeographical development of Turkey.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Assis. Prof. Dr. Aylin Karadaş
Learning Outcomes
1Having comprehansive knowledge of various subjects of geography.
2Understanding interrelations and interactivities between various natural and social geographical elements.
3Understanding the development and change of geographical characteristics.
4
5
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
None
Recommended Optional Programme Components
None
Course Contents
Miocene paleogeography of Turkey. Miocene erosional surfaces, lake basins in humid climate and thick vegetation Messinien crisis, tectonic and climatic events and their paleogeographical effects Pliocene paleogeography of Turkey Pleistocene climate and paleogeography Holocene climate, lake and sea level changes Geoarchaeological interpretations and human effects on the natural environment in Turkey
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
WeekTheoreticalPracticeLaboratory
1Introduction: Comperatively descriptions of Geography-Paleogeography, Geology-Paleogeography, Facies-Paleogeography.Lecture
2The Neogene stratigraphy. Subdivisions of the Neogene and basic stratigraphical and paleogeographical reasons for dividing.Lecture
3Stratigraphy and paleogeography of the Early Miocene. Lecture
4Stratigraphy and paleogeography of the Middle Miocene. Erosional surface of DI period in Turkey. Humid climate and prosperous biogeography. Formation of lignite deposits and their suitable geological, climatological conditions.Lecture
5Stratigraphy and paleogeography of the Late Miocene. Transformation of DI surfaces to DII pediment landforms under arid climatic conditions. Geological and climatical reasons of aridity and its paleogeographical results.Lecture
6Migration of mammals in the Late Miocene. The Messinian crisis. Desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea. Hipparion event.Lecture
7Transition to the Pliocene. Changing climatic conditions following tectonic rise of Turkey. Opening the Strait of Gibraltar and its climatic effects. General paleogeography of the Pliocene.Lecture
8Midterm (Visa)
9The period of Quaternary and its importance in geography. The reasons of transition from the Pliocene to the Quaternary. Importance of the Quaternary research and its methods.Lecture
10Development of drainage system in the Quaternary. Differences from the Pliocene. Development of river terraces and their important in the Quaternary research. Geological and climatological effects on the development of terraces. Importance and effects of drainage systems on the settlement history.Lecture
11Development of glaciers in the Quaternary. Importance of glaciers in the Quaternary researc. Formation of glaciers in Turkey. Their distribution, changes and comparing with the present glaciers.Lecture
12Importance of lakes in the Quaternary research. The main factors on the formation of lakes. Structural and climatical reasons of the changes of lake levels. Interpretation methods of coastal landforms and bottom sediments for the Quaternary paleogeography and provided results.Lecture
13Examples of paleogeographical knowledge provided from the lake-coastal features and bottom sediments in Turkey: Lake Van, the Pleistocene lake of Konya, Salt Lake, Lake of İznik. Effects of lake level changes on the settlement history and land use in the Holocene.Lecture
14Importance of sea-level changes and coastal landforms in the Quaternary. Landform development on the high and low coasts and their distribution in Turkey. The Holocene transgression and its effects.Lecture
15Development of coastal landforms and changes of shoreline in Turkey during the Holocene. Their importance and effects on the coastal settlements.Lecture
16Final
Recommended or Required Reading
Erol : Türkiye’nin genç tektonik ve jeomorfolojik gelişimi. Türkiye Jeomorfologlar Derneği Jeomorfoloji Dergisi 11, 1-22. Ankara 1983. Kayan : Yeni yaklaşımlarla Türkiye’nin Plio-Kuaterner paleocoğrafyası. “21. Yüzyıla Doğru Türkiye” Sempozyumu. A. Ü. Dil ve Tarih Coğrafya Fakültesi, Ankara, 15-19 Nisan 1996. Rögl F. ve Steininger F.: Neogene Paratethys, Mediterranean and Indio-Pasific Seaways. Implications for the paleobiogeography of marine and terrestrial biotas. Fossils and Climate. Edited by P. Brenchley. 1984. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
SUM0
SUM0
Language of Instruction
Turkish
Work Placement(s)
None
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures14228
Self Study15230
Individual Study for Mid term Examination11414
Individual Study for Final Examination11414
Reading16232
TOTAL WORKLOAD (hours)120
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
PO
1
PO
2
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5
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9
PO
10
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PO
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PO
13
LO1445  5 22  3 
LO244   5  55   
LO342   52245   
LO4             
LO5             
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
 
Ege University, Bornova - İzmir / TURKEY • Phone: +90 232 311 10 10 • e-mail: intrec@mail.ege.edu.tr