Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
703004142014ALLUVIAL GEOMORPHOLOGY -IVElective484
Level of Course Unit
First Cycle
Objectives of the Course
Aim of this course is to provide all students understand alluvial geomorphology, palaeogeography, geoarchaeology and archaeometry concepts and the relationships between these concepts. It also provide to inquire about the concepts of alluvium, sediment grain size, grain size analysis and to learn making bore-hole drilling.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Ertuğ Öner
Learning Outcomes
1To understand the concepts of alluvial geomorphology, palaeogeography, geoarchaeology, archaeometry.
2To establish relationships between the concepts of alluvium, colluvium and soil.
3To understand bore-hole drilling method and to apply this method.
4To make sediment grain size analysis in the laboratory.
5To understand principal features of alluvial landforms.
6To interpret the data obtaining from drillings and laboratory analysis and to apply the understand environmental changes.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
* Alluvial geomorphology, palaeogeography, geoarchaeology, archaeometry explanation of the concept. * Alluvium, colluvium and soil and the relationship between them. * Bore-hole drilling method. * Sediment grain size analysis. * Alluvial landforms. * Interpretation the data obtaining from drillings and laboratory analysis and to apply the understand environmental changes.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Introduction to the course, giving general information about the course, introducing the recommended books and articles. Giving information about the purpose of the course and attendance.Lecture
2Overviewing the concepts of sedimentology, stratigraphy, sediment, sedimentite, diagenesis, alluvium, colluvium, soil and grains, matrix and cement. The effects of the lithological factors on formation of the grain. Giving information about sedimentary rocks (layers, fractures, grains), magmatic rocks (Cooling fractures, minerals), metamorphic rocks (schistosity, cleavage and minerals). Lecture
3Formation of grain. Rocks and Weathering : physical weathering, chemical weathering. Explaining the factors effecting weathering (bedrock, atmosphere and climate, geomorphology, biological activities). Lecture
4Chemical weathering; 1) Hydrolysis, 2) Hydratation, 3) Carbonation, 4) Oxidation, 5) Reduction, 6) Solution. Mechanical weathering; 1) Thermal stress, 2) Frost weathering, 3) Mechanical effects of chemical weathering, 4) Corrosion, 5) Biological effects Lecture
5Grain size, granulometry, grain measurement and grain classes. Overviewing gravel, sand, and, silt-clay analysis methods. Lecture
6Explaining the purpose and methods of granulometric assessments. Drawing and interpreting the frequency histogram, frequency curve and cumulative frequency curve. Size : Histogram, Cumulative curve, Frequency curve - Logarithmic, Parabolic, Sigmoidal, Mixed - Heterometric, Homometric - Skewness - Kurtosis - Peakedness Lecture and practice
7Explaining the factors effecting grain size. Bedrock; Intensity of factors; Transportation-Size. Sorting : Median, Mode, Mean Bedrock size range, Type of deposition, Energy, Duration, Grain size. Explaining the shape of the grain (morphoscopy). Interpretation of the grain shape, Grain morphology (Spherical, Ellipsoid, Flat. Sphericity, Roundness). Lecture and practice
8Midterm exam.Exam
9Sedimentology ; Features of grain deposition (Texture, Structure, Stratification, Porosity, Permeability, Sorting, Grading, Fabric). Lecture
10Stratigraphy; Depositional landforms and the contribution of them to environmental interpretations. (Alluvial layers, Lamina, Cross-bedding, Ripple bedding, Wavy bedding, Lenticular bedding, Graded bedding, Horizontal bedding, Homogenous bedding, Hyatus, Discordance, Concordance, Transgression, Regression, Correlation, Complete sequences, Comprehensive sequences, Transitions: Lateral, Continuous, Ripple mark, Rill mark, Drying traces, living organism footprints, rills, flow traces.) Lecture
11Alluvial landforms 1. Alluvial fans, Formation, Relations between deposition-sediment properties-landform, effects on land use.Lecture and practice
12Alluvial landforms 2. Flood plains, Formation, Relations between deposition-sediment properties-landform, effects on land use.Lecture and practice
13Alluvial landforms 3. Alluvial terraces, Formation, Relations between deposition-sediment properties-landform, effects on land use.Lecture and practice
14Alluvial landforms 4. Delta, Formation, Relations between deposition-sediment properties-landform, effects on land use.Lecture
15Alluvial landforms 5. Coastal depositional landforms (Littoral cordon, lagoon, sand dune vb.), Formation, Relations between deposition-sediment properties-landform, effects on land use.Lecture
16Final examExam
Recommended or Required Reading
Charlton R., 2007, Fundamentals of Fluvial Geomorphology, Routledge. Committee on Alluvial Fan Flooding, National Research Council,1996 ,Alluvial Fan Flooding, National Academies Press. Dincauze D., 2008, Environmental archaeology: principles and practice, Cambridge University Press. Erinç, S. 1982. Jeomorfoloji I. İ.Ü, Edebiyat Fakültesi Yay. No: 2931. Knighton D., 1998, Fluvial Forms and Processes : A New Perspective, A Hodder Arnold Publication. Kurter, A. - Hoşgören Y., 1986, Jeomorfoloji Tatbikatı. İ.Ü. Edebiyat Fakültesi Yay.No:1944. Lowe J., Walker M., 1997, Reconstructing quaternary environments, Prentice Hall; 2 ed. Mackay A., Battarbee R., Birks J., Oldfield F., 2005, Global Change in the Holocene, Hodder Arnold, London. Mahaney W.C. (ed.), 1984, Quaternary Dating Methods (Developments in Palaeontology & Stratigraphy) Elsevier Science Ltd.Rapp G., Hill C, 1998, Geoarchaeology: The Earth-science Approach to Archaeological Interpretation, Yale University Press. Noller J.S., Sowers, J.M., Lettis (ed.), 2000, Introduction to Quaternary Geochronology, Amer Geophysical Union Roberts N., 1998, The Holocene – An Environmental Review, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford. Roberts N., 2002,The Holocene: an environmental history, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford. Rutter N.W.; Catto N.R., 1995, Dating Methods For Quaternary Deposits, Geological Assn of Canada Walker M., 2005, Quaternary Dating Methods : Introduction, John Wiley High Education Williams M., Dunkerley D., Decker P., Kershaw P., Chappell J. , 1998, Quaternary environments, A Hodder Arnold Publication.
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the section of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation"
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Language of Instruction
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures14342
Report Preparation122
Self Study236
Individual Study for Mid term Examination11414
Individual Study for Final Examination11414
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO212 3435 32221
LO31132345121 2 
LO42324 45 33233
LO51541132 2321 
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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