Description of Individual Course Units
Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleType of Course UnitYear of StudySemesterNumber of ECTS Credits
9201105051982Interactions Between Tourism and EnvironmentElective116
Level of Course Unit
Third Cycle
Language of Instruction
Objectives of the Course
The aim of this course is; To focus on tourism's need for the natural environment, its use and mutual relations, to address the positive and negative effects of tourism, to clarify the carrying capacity and sustainability issues.
Name of Lecturer(s)
Prof. Dr. Fusun BAYKAL
Learning Outcomes
1To be able to establish the relationship between tourism and natural environment
2To be able to analyze sustainability in tourism-natural environment relations
3To understand the importance of touristic carrying capacity for the natural environment
4To be able to recognize the types of tourism dependent on natural environment and to interpret their positive and negative effects
5Understanding that successful environmentally oriented tourism projects and campaigns can create positive effects on the environment.
Mode of Delivery
Face to Face
Prerequisites and co-requisities
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Course Contents
* The importance of "natural environment" as a recreational and touristic resource * The importance of tourism for the natural environment (tourism-environment interaction and its positive effects) * Concepts that integrate with the natural environment in tourism (sustainability, natural heritage, potential, environmental protection, etc.) * Determining the natural environment and touristic transport capacity * Types of tourism using the natural environment and their environmental effects * Environmentally sized tourism projects, campaigns, NGOs, awards etc.
Weekly Detailed Course Contents
1Defining the "natural environment" as a recreational and touristic resource
2Importance of natural environment for tourism. Understanding the importance of tourism for the natural environment
3To be able to recognize the concepts that integrate with tourism and natural environment
4To be able to recognize the concepts that integrate with tourism and natural environment
5To be able to determine the touristic carrying capacity of the natural environment (conceptual approach)
6To be able to determine the touristic carrying capacity of the natural environment (applications and examples)
7To be able to analyze the competitive power of the natural environment in tourism
9Learning the types of tourism that use the natural environment
10Interpreting the effects of tourism types using the natural environment
11Explaining the relations between environmental protection, environmental management and tourism
12Promotion of NGOs working on tourism and natural environment and their activities
13Promotion of awards, logos and campaigns related to tourism and environment
14Introducing examples of successful environmental-themed tourism projects
15 Criticism of the decisions of the 2023 Turkey Tourism Strategy Plan in the tourism-environment relationship
16Final examination
Recommended or Required Reading
Textbooks: *Coğrafi Çevre Turizm ve Koruma Sempozyumu, 2003. E.Ü. Edebiyat Fak.Yay., İzmir. *Dindar, M.2002. “Turizm ve çevre ilişkileri”, II.Turizm Şurası Bildirileri, Turizm Bak.yay. s.263-265 *Erdoğan, N., 2003. Çevre ve (eko) Turizm. *Kahraman, N.,Türkay, O., 2006. Turizm ve Çevre. *Özgüç, N., 1998. Turizm Coğrafyası. *UNWTO, UNEP, 2008. Climate Change and Tourism–Responding to Global Challenges. Printed by the World Tourism Organization, Madrid, Spain Supplementary publications: Aslan, Z., Aktaş, G., 1994. “Turizm açısından çevre sorunlarına genel bir yaklaşım” Çevre Dergisi, (11), s.43-45 Avcı, N. 2007. “Turizmde taşıma kapasitesinin önemi”, Ege Akademik Bakış, 7 (2), s.485-501. Buckley, R, etc. (ed.), 2003. Nature-Based Tourism, Environment and Land Management. Cabi Publishing. 172 p. Demir, T., 1996. Turizm ve Çevre Etkileşimi. Çevre Bakanlığı, 96-1142. Perspectives for Maritime Regions 7th National Meeting of APDR,Azores, Portugal, 30/6-02/07 2000. Council of Europe, 1996. Tourism and Environment: Towards a New Tourist Culture. Council of Europe Publishing. Institut Français de l’Environnement, 2000. Tourisme, Environnement, Territoires. p.262. Holden, A., 2008. Environment and Tourism. Roudledge. 273 p. Yıldırım, R., 1996. “Turizm ve çevre”, Ekoloji, (18), s.22-23 Voultsaki, M., 2000. “The spatial impacts of tourism in maritime regions: the case of Thessaloniki”. Development
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Activities are given in detail in the sections of "Assessment Methods and Criteria" and "Workload Calculation".
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Midterm Examination1100
End Of Term (or Year) Learning ActivitiesQuantityWeight
Final Sınavı1100
Term (or Year) Learning Activities40
End Of Term (or Year) Learning Activities60
Work Placement(s)
Workload Calculation
ActivitiesNumberTime (hours)Total Work Load (hours)
Midterm Examination111
Final Examination111
Attending Lectures14114
Team/Group Work10220
Case Study5210
Criticising Paper5210
Self Study10220
Individual Study for Mid term Examination10220
Individual Study for Final Examination10220
Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes
LO11   1
* Contribution Level : 1 Very low 2 Low 3 Medium 4 High 5 Very High
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